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Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot

Posted by gendouhydeist 
Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot
May 10, 2017 04:17PM
@bodhi
My device has different partition, The expected behavior was different from the guide.
When I'm deleting 4 blocks it only deletes one.

/e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 4
Erasing 128 Kibyte @ 60000 -- 100 % complete

now when I flash the uboot I get this
/e-data/4089-AD8E # nandwrite /dev/mtd0 kirkwood/generic/u-boot-nsa325/u-boot.kw
b
Input file is not page aligned
Data did not fit into device, due to bad blocks
: Success

/etc/fw_env.config
MTD device name       Device offset   Env. size       Flash sector size       Number of sectors
NAND example
/dev/mtd1               0x0000          0x20000         0x20000                 4

cat /proc/mtd
mtd0: 00100000 00020000 "uboot"
mtd1: 00080000 00020000 "uboot_env"
mtd2: 00080000 00020000 "key_store"
mtd3: 00080000 00020000 "info"
mtd4: 00a00000 00020000 "etc"
mtd5: 00a00000 00020000 "kernel_1"
mtd6: 02fc0000 00020000 "rootfs1"
mtd7: 00a00000 00020000 "kernel_2"
mtd8: 02fc0000 00020000 "rootfs2"

original env
bootargs=console=ttyS0,115200 mtdparts=nand_mtd:0x100000(uboot),0x80000(uboot_env),0x80000(key_store),0x80000(info),0xA00000(etc),0xA00000(kernel_1),0x2FC0000(rootfs1),0xA00000(kernel_2),0x2FC0000(rootfs2) root=/dev/nfs rw init=/init
bootcmd=nand read.e 0x2000000 $(kernel_addr) 0xA00000; bootm 0x2000000
bootdelay=2
baudrate=115200
loads_echo=0
ipaddr=10.4.52.165
serverip=10.4.52.7
rootpath=/srv/ubuntu
netmask=255.255.255.0
nandEcc=1bit
kernel_addr=C80000
MODEL_ID=AA03
PRODUCT_NAME=NSA-325
FEATURE_BIT=00
CONTRY_TYPE=FF
VENDOR_NAME=MitraStar Technology Corp.
run_diag=yes
ethaddr=FC:F5:28:00:00:00

after flashing uboot
Warning: Bad CRC, using default environment
bootargs=console=ttyS0,115200 mtdparts=nand_mtd:0x100000(uboot),0x80000(uboot_env),0x80000(key_store),0x80000(info),0xA00000(etc),0xA00000(kernel_1),0x2FC0000(rootfs1),0xA00000(kernel_2),0x2FC0000(rootfs2) root=/dev/nfs rw init=/init
bootcmd=nand read.e 0x2000000 $(kernel_addr) 0xA00000; bootm 0x2000000
bootdelay=2
baudrate=115200
nandEcc=1bit
kernel_addr=480000
MODEL_ID=A203
PRODUCT_NAME=NSA-310
FEATURE_BIT=00
CONTRY_TYPE=FF
VENDOR_NAME=ZyXEL Communications Corp.

I have backup of mtd0
What should I do now?



Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2017 04:39PM by bodhi.
Re: Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot
May 10, 2017 04:35PM
gendouhydeist,

> My device has different partition,

It does look the same. It is the stock definition which I did not change.

mtd0: 00100000 00020000 "uboot"


Quote

When I'm deleting 4 blocks it only deletes one.

/e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 4
Erasing 128 Kibyte @ 60000 -- 100 % complete

Did you check for bad block as instructed?

dmesg | grep -i bad

Don't shut down or reboot. Find out if you have bad blocks first and we'll go from there.

And one more question:

/e-data/4089-AD8E # nandwrite /dev/mtd0 kirkwood/generic/u-boot-nsa325/u-boot.kwb

Which u-boot is this you are trying to flash to your device? (it is not one that I released).

-bodhi
===========================
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Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2017 04:44PM by bodhi.
https://forum.lede-project.org/t/installing-lede-on-nsa325/3611
bobafetthotmail told me that I should use the one from LEDE snapshot, the one I'm using right now came from buildroot of LEDE.

The weird thing is that there's no bad block at all.

/e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # dmesg | grep -i bad
Scanning device for bad blocks
gendouhydeist Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> https://forum.lede-project.org/t/installing-lede-o
> n-nsa325/3611
> bobafetthotmail told me that I should use the one
> from LEDE snapshot, the one I'm using right now ca
> me from buildroot of LEDE.

So you are installing LEDE?

>
> The weird thing is that there's no bad block at al
> l.
>
> /e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # dmesg | grep -i bad
> Scanning device for bad blocks

Given your mtd0 is the correct definition, try to erase the whole partition:
flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0

-bodhi
===========================
Wiki
latest Kirkwood kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-kirkwood builds
latest Oxnas kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-oxnas builds
latest MVEBU Armada kernel builds and rootfs
U-Boot & Kernel Booting process
bodhi's u-boot GitHub
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/e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
Erasing 128 Kibyte @ e0000 -- 100 % complete

/e-data/4089-AD8E/tools # nandwrite /dev/mtd0 /e-data/4089-AD8E/tools/u-boot.kwb
Input file is not page aligned
Data did not fit into device, due to bad blocks
: Success

Still the same though...



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2017 05:03PM by gendouhydeist.
Ok I've used your uboot and it writes properly
/ # nandwrite /dev/mtd0 /e-data/4089-AD8E/uboot.2016.05-tld-1.nsa325.mtd0.kwb
Writing data to block 0 at offset 0x0
Writing data to block 1 at offset 0x20000
Writing data to block 2 at offset 0x40000
Writing data to block 3 at offset 0x60000

I check the env there's nothing there how I can put everything back?
/ # fw_printenv
Warning: Bad CRC, using default environment
bootcmd=bootp; setenv bootargs root=/dev/nfs nfsroot=${serverip}:${rootpath} ip=${ipaddr}:${serverip}:${gatewayip}:${netmask}:${hostname}::off; bootm
bootdelay=5
baudrate=115200

Should I load LEDE from RAM and start sysupgrade?
Follow the tutorial here http://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,123813 to backup all stock partitions and install uboot (it also provides tools). The image that you must use is the "u-boot.kwb" one. Ignore the part of the tutorial about flashing envs manually, the LEDE uboot has them compiled in already.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/10/2017 05:29PM by gendouhydeist.
gendouhydeist,

>
> Should I load LEDE from RAM and start sysupgrade?
> Follow the tutorial here http://forum.doozan.co
> m/read.php?3,123813 to backup all stock partitions
> and install uboot (it also provides tools). The im
> age that you must use is the "u-boot.kwb" one. Ign
> ore the part of the tutorial about flashing envs m
> anually, the LEDE uboot has them compiled in alrea
> dy.



Not sure what you said above? that forum link was broken, too.

-bodhi
===========================
Wiki
latest Kirkwood kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-kirkwood builds
latest Oxnas kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-oxnas builds
latest MVEBU Armada kernel builds and rootfs
U-Boot & Kernel Booting process
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bodhi's corner
This the link I refer to, please read the whole thread.
https://forum.lede-project.org/t/installing-lede-on-nsa325/3611/4

bobafetthotmail told me I should use the u-boot.kwb from LEDE instead of your compiled u-boot. He also told me that I should ignore installing env as LEDE provided it already.
gendouhydeist1,

-------------------------------------------------------
> This the link I refer to, please read the whole th
> read.
> https://forum.lede-project.org/t/installing-lede-o
> n-nsa325/3611/4
>
> bobafetthotmail told me I should use the u-boot.kw
> b from LEDE instead of your compiled u-boot. He al
> so told me that I should ignore installing env as
> LEDE provided it already.

Then you should post in this thread so bobafet will get notification and help you:
http://forum.doozan.com/read.php?4,29966

-bodhi
===========================
Wiki
latest Kirkwood kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-kirkwood builds
latest Oxnas kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-oxnas builds
latest MVEBU Armada kernel builds and rootfs
U-Boot & Kernel Booting process
bodhi's u-boot GitHub
bodhi's corner
Re: Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot
May 11, 2017 02:34PM
Hi bodhi I have ask you few question...

After successfully flashing your uboot is it ok for me to restart my device? then setenv afterwards? wouldn't cause problems for me cause I haven't populate env's yet if I restart my device?
Re: Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot
May 11, 2017 03:54PM
gendouhydeist,

> Hi bodhi I have ask you few question...
>
> After successfully flashing your uboot is it ok fo
> r me to restart my device?

Yes, it would be OK.

> then setenv afterwards?
> wouldn't cause problems for me cause I haven't pop
> ulate env's yet if I restart my device?

No big problem, it will show the CRC error when u-boot tries to read the envs area. And then you can reboot and interrupt serial console, use the uEnv.txt capability to load the default envs in, and then adjust a couple variables to boot a Debian rootfs on USB , or HDD.

http://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,12381

Quote

C. Add uEnv.txt to /boot directory

Create a text file in /boot directory with the content in the format that u-boot envs are listed.

Examples:

These 4 examples are only to demonstrate the syntax in uEnv.txt (they might or might not apply to your current settings):

- Load appropriate DTB file for the kernel to run GoFlex Net box.
- Use only USB drives for kernel and rootfs during booting
- Use SD card, USB and SATA for booting. The kernel and rootfs search order is as they are appeared on the list: mmc, usb, ide.
- Define that there are 8 storage devices (i.e. disk partitions).

cat /boot/uEnv.txt
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-goflexnet.dtb
devices=usb
devices=mmc usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

-bodhi
===========================
Wiki
latest Kirkwood kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-kirkwood builds
latest Oxnas kernel builds and rootfs
latest u-boot-oxnas builds
latest MVEBU Armada kernel builds and rootfs
U-Boot & Kernel Booting process
bodhi's u-boot GitHub
bodhi's corner
Re: Problem in flashing NSA325 u-boot
May 12, 2017 04:19AM
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