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dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump

Posted by asterix 
dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 15, 2018 03:12PM
Plan to upgrade uboot according to instructions: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,12381

but can't use command in /usr/sbin directly, it shows" -bash: fw_printenv: command not found" after fw_printenv, need to /usr/sbin/fw_printenv, then

/usr/sbin/nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0,

but it shows: mtd0: Read-only file system, how to fix this problem?



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 11/15/2018 04:41PM by asterix.
Re: dockstar: can't nanddump
November 15, 2018 04:33PM
asterix,

I'm not clear what you asked. nanddump does not touch the mtd0 so that error "mtd0: Read-only file" does not make sense.

> Plan to upgrade uboot according to instructions:
> https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,12381
>
> but can't use command in /usr/sbin directly, need
> to /usr/sbin/fw_printenv, then
>
> /usr/sbin/nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l
> 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0,

>
> but it shows: mtd0: Read-only file
> system
, how to fix this problem?

Please post the log of your attemp to install. Basically I need to see where you are running, from stock OS? and a few other info

dmesg
cat /proc/mtd
and then go ahead do the nanddump and flashing as instructed.

Please post everything.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: dockstar: can't nanddump
November 15, 2018 05:01PM
not from stock firmware, followed instruction: http://projects.doozan.com/debian/install_lenny.htm. However, can't boot from usd drive


dmsg

[    0.000000] Linux version 2.6.22.18 (bdietrich@buildman) (gcc version 4.2.1) #81 Tue Oct 19 16:05:00 PDT 2010
[    0.000000] CPU: ARM926EJ-S [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=00053177
[    0.000000] Machine: Feroceon-KW
[    0.000000] Using UBoot passing parameters structure
[    0.000000] Memory policy: ECC disabled, Data cache writeback
[    0.000000] On node 0 totalpages: 32768
[    0.000000]   DMA zone: 256 pages used for memmap
[    0.000000]   DMA zone: 0 pages reserved
[    0.000000]   DMA zone: 32512 pages, LIFO batch:7
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 0 pages used for memmap
[    0.000000] CPU0: D VIVT write-back cache
[    0.000000] CPU0: I cache: 16384 bytes, associativity 4, 32 byte lines, 128 sets
[    0.000000] CPU0: D cache: 16384 bytes, associativity 4, 32 byte lines, 128 sets
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists.  Total pages: 32512
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=/dev/mtdblock2 ro
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: 9, 2048 bytes)
[    0.000000] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 128MB 0MB 0MB 0MB = 128MB total
[    0.000000] Memory: 125824KB available (3592K code, 253K data, 124K init)
[    0.000000] Calibrating delay loop... 1192.75 BogoMIPS (lpj=5963776)
[    0.240000] Mount-cache hash table entries: 512
[    0.240000] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.240000] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.240000]
[    0.240000] CPU Interface
[    0.240000] -------------
[    0.240000] SDRAM_CS0 ....base 00000000, size 128MB
[    0.240000] SDRAM_CS1 ....disable
[    0.240000] SDRAM_CS2 ....disable
[    0.240000] SDRAM_CS3 ....disable
[    0.240000] PEX0_MEM ....base e8000000, size 128MB
[    0.240000] PEX0_IO ....base f2000000, size   1MB
[    0.240000] INTER_REGS ....base f1000000, size   1MB
[    0.240000] NFLASH_CS ....base fa000000, size   2MB
[    0.240000] SPI_CS ....base f4000000, size  16MB
[    0.240000] BOOT_ROM_CS ....no such
[    0.240000] DEV_BOOTCS ....no such
[    0.240000] CRYPT_ENG ....base f0000000, size   2MB
[    0.240000]
[    0.240000]   Marvell Development Board (LSP Version KW_LSP_4.2.7_patch21_with_rx_desc_tuned)-- SHEEVA PLUG  Soc: 88F6281 A0 LE
[    0.240000]
[    0.240000]  Detected Tclk 200000000 and SysClk 400000000
[    0.240000] MV Buttons Device Load
[    0.240000] Marvell USB EHCI Host controller #0: c0539600
[    0.740000] PEX0 interface detected no Link.
[    0.740000] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers enabled
[    0.740000] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.740000] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.740000] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.740000] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.740000] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.750000] Time: kw_clocksource clocksource has been installed.
[    0.840000] IP route cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.840000] TCP established hash table entries: 4096 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.840000] TCP bind hash table entries: 4096 (order: 2, 16384 bytes)
[    0.840000] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 4096 bind 4096)
[    0.840000] TCP reno registered
[    0.870000] RTC has been updated!!!
[    0.870000] RTC registered
[    0.870000] Use the XOR engines (acceleration) for enhancing the following functions:
[    0.870000]   o RAID 5 Xor calculation
[    0.870000]   o kernel memcpy
[    0.870000]   o kenrel memzero
[    0.870000] Number of XOR engines to use: 4
[    0.870000] cesadev_init(c00117b0)
[    0.870000] mvCesaInit: sessions=640, queue=64, pSram=f0000000
[    0.870000] MV Buttons Driver Load
[    0.870000] squashfs: version 3.3 (2007/10/31) Phillip Lougher
[    0.870000] squashfs: LZMA suppport for slax.org by jro
[    0.870000] JFFS2 version 2.2. (NAND) © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.870000] io scheduler noop registered
[    0.870000] io scheduler anticipatory registered (default)
[    0.890000] Serial: 8250/16550 driver $Revision: 1.90 $ 4 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    0.890000] serial8250.0: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 33) is a 16550A
[    0.900000] RAMDISK driver initialized: 16 RAM disks of 16384K size 1024 blocksize
[    0.910000] Loading Marvell Ethernet Driver:
[    0.910000]   o Cached descriptors in DRAM
[    0.910000]   o DRAM SW cache-coherency
[    0.920000]   o Single RX Queue support - ETH_DEF_RXQ=0
[    0.920000]   o Single TX Queue support - ETH_DEF_TXQ=0
[    0.930000]   o TCP segmentation offload enabled
[    0.930000]   o Receive checksum offload enabled
[    0.940000]   o Transmit checksum offload enabled
[    0.940000]   o Network Fast Processing (Routing) supported
[    0.950000]   o Driver ERROR statistics enabled
[    0.950000]   o Driver INFO statistics enabled
[    0.960000]   o Proc tool API enabled
[    0.960000]   o Rx descripors: q0=128
[    0.960000]   o Tx descripors: q0=532
[    0.970000]   o Loading network interface(s):
[    0.970000]     o eth0, ifindex = 1, GbE port = 0
[    0.980000]     o eth1, ifindex = 2, GbE port = 1
[    0.990000]
[    0.990000] mvFpRuleDb (c7ed4000): 1024 entries, 4096 bytes
[    0.990000] Intel(R) PRO/1000 Network Driver - version 7.3.20-k2-NAPI
[    1.000000] Copyright (c) 1999-2006 Intel Corporation.
[    1.010000] e100: Intel(R) PRO/100 Network Driver, 3.5.17-k4-NAPI
[    1.010000] e100: Copyright(c) 1999-2006 Intel Corporation
[    1.020000]
[    1.020000] Warning Sata is Powered Off
[    1.020000] NFTL driver: nftlcore.c $Revision: 1.98 $, nftlmount.c $Revision: 1.41 $
[    1.030000] NAND device: Manufacturer ID: 0x2c, Chip ID: 0xda (Micron NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit)
[    1.040000] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    1.060000] Bad eraseblock 341 at 0x02aa0000
[    1.150000] Using static partition definition
[    1.150000] Creating 4 MTD partitions on "nand_mtd":
[    1.160000] 0x00000000-0x00100000 : "u-boot"
[    1.160000] 0x00100000-0x00500000 : "uImage"
[    1.170000] 0x00500000-0x02500000 : "root"
[    1.170000] 0x02500000-0x10000000 : "data"
[    1.170000] ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.70059: Marvell Orion EHCI
[    1.180000] ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.70059: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[    1.220000] ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.70059: irq 19, io base 0xf1050100
[    1.240000] ehci_marvell ehci_marvell.70059: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00, driver 10 Dec 2004
[    1.240000] usb usb1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
[    1.250000] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[    1.250000] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[    1.370000] ohci_hcd: 2006 August 04 USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
[    1.370000] USB Universal Host Controller Interface driver v3.0
[    1.650000] usb 1-1: new high speed USB device using ehci_marvell and address 2
[    1.800000] usb 1-1: configuration #1 chosen from 1 choice
[    1.800000] hub 1-1:1.0: USB hub found
[    1.810000] hub 1-1:1.0: 4 ports detected
[    1.920000] usbcore: registered new interface driver usblp
[    1.920000] drivers/usb/class/usblp.c: v0.13: USB Printer Device Class driver
[    1.930000] Initializing USB Mass Storage driver...
[    1.930000] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[    1.940000] USB Mass Storage support registered.
[    1.950000] mice: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[    1.950000] i2c /dev entries driver
[    1.950000] Linux telephony interface: v1.00
[    1.960000] md: linear personality registered for level -1
[    1.960000] md: raid0 personality registered for level 0
[    1.970000] md: raid1 personality registered for level 1
[    2.140000] raid6: int32x1     97 MB/s
[    2.310000] raid6: int32x2    114 MB/s
[    2.480000] raid6: int32x4    122 MB/s
[    2.650000] raid6: int32x8    110 MB/s
[    2.650000] raid6: using algorithm int32x4 (122 MB/s)
[    2.650000] md: raid6 personality registered for level 6
[    2.660000] md: raid5 personality registered for level 5
[    2.660000] md: raid4 personality registered for level 4
[    2.670000] raid5: measuring checksumming speed
[    2.720000]    arm4regs  :  1084.000 MB/sec
[    2.770000]    8regs     :   754.800 MB/sec
[    2.820000]    32regs    :   899.600 MB/sec
[    2.820000] raid5: using function: arm4regs (1084.000 MB/sec)
[    2.830000] device-mapper: ioctl: 4.11.0-ioctl (2006-10-12) initialised: dm-devel@redhat.com
[    2.830000] dm_crypt using the OCF package.
[    2.840000] sdhci: Secure Digital Host Controller Interface driver
[    2.840000] sdhci: Copyright(c) Pierre Ossman
[    2.850000] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[    2.850000] drivers/hid/usbhid/hid-core.c: v2.6:USB HID core driver
[    2.860000] TCP cubic registered
[    2.860000] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    2.870000] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[    2.870000] md: Autodetecting RAID arrays.
[    2.880000] md: autorun ...
[    2.880000] md: ... autorun DONE.
[    7.380000] Empty flash at 0x00de8e44 ends at 0x00de9000
[   12.720000] VFS: Mounted root (jffs2 filesystem) readonly.
[   12.730000] Freeing init memory: 124K
[   14.960000] eth0: link down
[   14.960000] eth0: started
[   18.700000] eth0: link up, full duplex, speed 1 Gbps



Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 11/15/2018 05:16PM by asterix.
Re: dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 15, 2018 05:02PM
cat /proc/mtd

dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00100000 00020000 "u-boot"
mtd1: 00400000 00020000 "uImage"
mtd2: 02000000 00020000 "root"
mtd3: 0db00000 00020000 "data"
Re: dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 15, 2018 09:07PM
You need to mount a USB drive and execute the command there. The mtd0 dump file will be saved to the USB drive which is r/w.
Re: dockstar: can't nanddump
November 15, 2018 10:55PM
asterix,

Again, that's not enough info to see what the problem is.

(What daviddyer said above does not makes sense , either).

You are in either in stock OS or you are in the new Debian rootfs (since you can't boot with USB after "followed instruction: http://projects.doozan.com/debian/install_lenny.htm";)

Quote

> but it shows: mtd0: Read-only file
> system

That should occur only if you are in stock OS or a new Debian rootfs, and try to flash u-boot, or trying to set u-boot envs.

Please post the log of your attemp to install. Basically I need to see where you are running and what comamnds you are executing and what error messages are the result.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 20, 2018 09:01PM
Well, I'm sure I'm correct...

He is still running the stock linux, his file system is in the flash and I think it is Read only.

I think he was running the command from his home directory as root

/usr/sbin/nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0

but he won't be able to create the file "mtd0" in his home directory since the file system is read only.

That's why system complains "mtd0: Read-only file system"

A better idea would be changing the filename from "mtd0" to "mtd0.bin", in this way, we won't mess
the file mtd0 with partition mtd0

nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0.bin /dev/mtd0

I booted my dockstar into rescue system (2.8.2) and it has similar manner.

rescue:~# df
Filesystem                Size      Used Available Use% Mounted on
ubi0:rootfs              27.0M     24.6M      2.4M  91% /
tmpfs                    59.7M     28.0K     59.7M   0% /tmp
rescue:~# pwd
/root
rescue:~# >test
-sh: can't create test: Read-only file system
rescue:~# nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0
mtd0: Read-only file system
rescue:~#
Re: dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 20, 2018 09:11PM
Since /tmp is R/W, so
rescue:~# nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0
mtd0: Read-only file system
rescue:~# cd /tmp
rescue:/tmp# nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0 /dev/mtd0
Block size 131072, page size 2048, OOB size 64
Dumping data starting at 0x00000000 and ending at 0x00080000...
rescue:/tmp# ls -l
total 536
drwxr-xr-x    2 default  default         40 Jan  1  1970 avahi-autoipd
drwxr-xr-x    2 default  default         80 Jan  1  1970 avahi-daemon
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             3 Jan  1  1970 ifplugd.eth0.pid
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root            16 Jan  1  1970 ifstate
-rw-------    1 root     root        524288 Nov 21 04:08 mtd0
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root            61 Jan  1  1970 resolv.conf
-rw-------    1 root     root             0 Jan  1  1970 sshd
-rw-------    1 root     root             4 Jan  1  1970 sshd.pid
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root             4 Jan  1  1970 udhcpc.eth0.pid
-rw-r--r--    1 root     root           768 Jan  1  1970 utmp

Since he needs to backup the mtd0, so I think he should mount a USB drive and run it from there.
Re: dockstar uboot upgrade: mtd0: Read-only file system after nanddump
November 20, 2018 09:53PM
@daviddyer,

> I think he was running the command from his home
> directory as root

Yes, you're absolutely correct! that was a confusing error message because of the dump file name.

> A better idea would be changing the filename from
> "mtd0" to "mtd0.bin", in this way, we won't mess
> the file mtd0 with partition mtd0

> Since he needs to backup the mtd0, so I think he should mount a USB drive and run it from there.

True. So assuming that the USB drive is mounted at /tmp/sda1, then,

cd /tmp/sda1
/usr/sbin/nanddump --noecc --omitoob -l 0x80000 -f mtd0.bin /dev/mtd0

The entire log of the session would have been better than us trying to verify what was the intent and where the error occured :)

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
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