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NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number

Posted by dirkpitt74 
NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 27, 2019 04:04PM
Hi,
in the last week my old Stora won't boot anymore. After that I've follow different tutorial and I've dump the u-boot log with a USB to TTL serial converter.

         __  __                      _ _                                        
        |  \/  | __ _ _ ____   _____| | |                                       
        | |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | |                                       
        | |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | |                                       
        |_|  |_|\__,_|_|    \_/ \___|_|_|                                       
 _   _     ____              _                                                  
| | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_                                                
| | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __|                                               
| |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_                                                
 \___/    |____/ \___/ \___/ \__|                                               
 ** MARVELL BOARD: RD-88F6281A LE                                               
                                                                                
U-Boot 1.1.4 (Sep  4 2009 - 09:36:11) Marvell version: 3.4.14                   
                                                                                
U-Boot code: 00600000 -> 0067FFF0  BSS: -> 006CEE60                             
                                                                                
Soc: MV88F6281 Rev 3 (DDR2)                                                     
CPU running @ 1000Mhz L2 running @ 333Mhz                                       
SysClock = 333Mhz , TClock = 200Mhz                                             
                                                                                
DRAM CAS Latency = 5 tRP = 5 tRAS = 18 tRCD=6                                   
DRAM CS[0] base 0x00000000   size  64MB                                         
DRAM CS[1] base 0x04000000   size  64MB                                         
DRAM Total size 128MB  16bit width                                              
Flash:  0 kB                                                                    
Addresses 8M - 0M are saved for the U-Boot usage.                               
Mem malloc Initialization (8M - 7M): Done                                       
NAND:256 MB                                                                     
CRC in Flash: 619d86db, Calculated CRC: 619d86db                                
## Error: environment overflow, "stdin" deleted                                 
## Error: environment overflow, "stdout" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "stderr" deleted                                
                                                                                
CPU : Marvell Feroceon (Rev 1)                                                  
## Error: environment overflow, "console" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "mainlineLinux" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "CASset" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "enaMonExt" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "enaCpuStream" deleted                          
## Error: environment overflow, "enaWrAllo" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "pexMode" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Cache" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "setL2CacheWT" deleted                          
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Prefetch" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "enaICPref" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "enaDCPref" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "sata_dma_mode" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "MALLOC_len" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "ethprime" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "netbsd_en" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "vxworks_en" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_root" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_end" deleted                          
## Error: environment overflow, "image_name" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "bootcmd" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "standalone" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "bootdelay" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted                             
## Error: environment overflow, "ethaddr" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "ethmtu" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1addr" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1mtu" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "mvPhoneConfig" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "mvNetConfig" deleted                           
## Error: environment overflow, "usb0Mode" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "yuk_ethaddr" deleted                           
## Error: environment overflow, "nandEcc" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "hddPowerCtrl" deleted                          
## Error: environment overflow, "netretry" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "rcvrip" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "loadaddr" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "autoload" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "enaAutoRecovery" deleted                       
                                                                                
Streaming disabled                                                              
Write allocate disabled                                                         
                                                                                
Module 0 is RGMII                                                               
Module 1 is TDM                                                                 
                                                                                
USB 0: device mode                                                              
PEX 0: interface detected no Link.                                              
Net:   ## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                         
egiga0, egiga1## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                  
                                                                                
USB:   scanning bus for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found                        
       scanning bus for storage devices... 0 Storage Device(s) found            
Aquiring an IP address using DHCP...                                            
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set                                                    
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
egiga1 no link                                                                  
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set                                                    
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
egiga1 no link                                                                  
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set                                                    
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
egiga1 no link                                                                  
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
Failed to retreive an IP address assuming default (<NULL>)!                     
Starting the Recovery process to retreive the file...                           
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set                                                    
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
egiga1 no link                                                                  
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
Failed                                                                          
Power Button is pressed!                                                        
MPP Sel: 00000530, Data IN Enable: 00020058, Data In Polarity: 00000040, Data I0
Power Button is released!                                                       
MAC: 00:01:08:FC:24:4F, IP: 10.252.36.79                                        
## Error: environment overflow, "ethaddr" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "ipaddr" deleted                                
## Error: environment overflow, "serverip" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "netmask" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "image_name" deleted                            
## Error: environment overflow, "console" deleted                               
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_root" deleted                         
## Error: environment overflow, "rootpath" deleted                              
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted                                
*** ERROR: `serverip' not set                                                   
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs" deleted                              
## Booting image at 00800000 ...                                                
Bad Magic Number                                                                
Marvell>> setenv ipaddr 192.168.2.150                                           
## Error: environment overflow, "ipaddr" deleted

It seems that the configuration of the u-boot has been lost.

Any suggestions??

Thanks.

DirkPitt74
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 28, 2019 09:44AM
dirkpitt74,

> It seems that the configuration of the u-boot has
> been lost.

Yes. Looks like the envs area was corrupted.

I guess it is depending whether you want to install and run new u-boot and Debian. Or stay with what you have in this system and just try to fix the problem.

Whichever you decided, I think you should attempt to run kwboot to load the new Stora u-boot (uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb) from the u-boot release thread.

An example to to unbrick the NSA320S with kwboot is here:
https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,51739,51919#msg-51919

Once you can load the new u-boot and run it, you can be assure there is a recovery path. And then decide where you want to go next (fix the error or install new Debian system).

Fixing the error is not without risk. Since this stock u-boot is quite old, I'm not sure the env reset will work. If it does not work, you need to find the stock Stora u-boot envs and type them in at u-boot console.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 01/28/2019 09:47AM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 28, 2019 05:15PM
Hi Bodhi,
thanks for the reply.

I've try to upload the latest uboot image and this is the output.
pi@raspberrypi:~/kwboot-tool $ ./kwboot  -t -B 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 -b uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p
Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...|
Sending boot image...
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[Type Ctrl-\ + c to quit]


No console prompt or other message....
Where can i find a different uboot image??

After some search I've find a stock list of env. How can I write it on NAND?
I've try setenv but this is the results...

Marvell>> setenv baudrate 115200
## Error: environment overflow, "baudrate" deleted
Marvell>>

Other suggestions??

DirkPitt74
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 28, 2019 08:32PM
Hi dirkpitt74,

> pi@raspberrypi:~/kwboot-tool $ ./kwboot -t -B
> 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 -b
> uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p

Try the ARM kwboot binary I've attached to this post:
https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,69499,72534#msg-72534

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 29, 2019 03:52PM
Hi bodhi,
Nice job!!! Whith the new kwboot my stora boot!!
I've try to start linux with the rootfs Debian-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi.tar.bz2.
Unfortunately the boot stop at this point
....
....
Begin: Waiting for root file system ... done.
Gave up waiting for root device.  Common problems:
 - Boot args (cat /proc/cmdline)
   - Check rootdelay= (did the system wait long enough?)
   - Check root= (did the system wait for the right device?)
 - Missing modules (cat /proc/modules; ls /dev)
ALERT!  /dev/disk/by-label/rootfs does not exist.  Dropping to a shell!
[   27.627289] uhci_hcd: USB Universal Host Controller Interface driver
[   27.644883] ohci_hcd: USB 1.1 'Open' Host Controller (OHCI) Driver
[   27.664694] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[   27.672478] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbhid
[   27.678121] usbhid: USB HID core driver
(initramfs)

Tomorrow I'll try to solve this problem on a new usb drive.

Which is the next step to install the new uboot?
Boot on Debian and follow this thread.
Only a question, do I have to perform step 8?

Thank

dirkpitt74
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
January 29, 2019 06:52PM
dirkpitt74,

> Nice job!!! Whith the new kwboot my stora boot!!

Cool!

> I've try to start linux with the rootfs
> Debian-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi.tar.bz2.

> Unfortunately the boot stop at this point

Check your USB rootfs partition label, make sure that it is rootfs.

I need to see the serial console log.

- kwboot the new u-boot
- At u-boot prompt, set u-boot envs to boot the STORA like you did before. And list the envs. And then boot.

printenv
boot

Let it boot until the error. And copy and paste the entire serial console log here.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 12:27PM
Hi Bohdi,
this is the complete log.
pi@raspberrypi:~/kwboot-tool $ ./kwboot_1 -t -B 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 -b uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p
Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...-
Sending boot image...
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[Type Ctrl-\ + c to quit]


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> printenv
arcNumber=2743
baudrate=115200
bootcmd=run bootcmd_uenv; run scan_disk; run set_bootargs; run bootcmd_exec; reset
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm$load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
bootdelay=10
bootdev=usb
console=console=ttyS0,115200
device=0:1
devices=usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000
ethact=egiga0
ethaddr=52:3b:20:9c:11:51
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
ipaddr=192.168.0.231
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_dtb_addr=0x1c00000
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_initrd_addr=0x1100000
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
load_uimage_addr=0x800000
mainlineLinux=yes
mtdids=nand0=orion_nand
mtdparts=mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
partition=nand0,2
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
serverip=192.168.0.220
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
stderr=serial
stdin=serial
stdout=serial
uenv_addr=0x810000
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi
usb_ready_retry=15

Environment size: 2905/131068 bytes
Netgear Stora> boot
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: Bus 0: not available  Bus 1: OK 
  Device 1: Model: SAMSUNG HD501LJ  Firm: CR100-12 Ser#: S0MUJ1EQ221814
            Type: Hard Disk
            Supports 48-bit addressing
            Capacity: 476940.0 MB = 465.7 GB (976773168 x 512)

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	30029824  	2384b32d-01	83

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

Partition Map for IDE device 1  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	976766976 	28f7eead-01	07
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
** File not found /boot/uImage **
device usb 1:1
** Bad device usb 1 **
device usb 2:1
** Bad device usb 2 **
device usb 3:1
** Bad device usb 3 **
Scan device ide

Reset IDE: Bus 0: not available  Bus 1: OK 
  Device 1: Model: SAMSUNG HD501LJ  Firm: CR100-12 Ser#: S0MUJ1EQ221814
            Type: Hard Disk
            Supports 48-bit addressing
            Capacity: 476940.0 MB = 465.7 GB (976773168 x 512)
device ide 0:1
** Bad device ide 0 **
device ide 1:1
Failed to mount ext2 filesystem...
** Unrecognized filesystem type **
device ide 2:1
** Bad device ide 2 **
device ide 3:1
** Bad device ide 3 **
loading uImage ...
** File not found /boot/uImage **
loading uInitrd ...
** File not found /boot/uInitrd **
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000 ...
** File not found /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000 **
Unknown command 'bootm0x800000' - try 'help'
resetting ...

         __  __                      _ _
        |  \/  | __ _ _ ____   _____| | |
        | |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | |
        | |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | |
        |_|  |_|\__,_|_|    \_/ \___|_|_|
 _   _     ____              _
| | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_ 
| | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __| 
| |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_ 
 \___/    |____/ \___/ \___/ \__| 
 ** MARVELL BOARD: RD-88F6281A LE 

U-Boot 1.1.4 (Sep  4 2009 - 09:36:11) Marvell version: 3.4.14

U-Boot code: 00600000 -> 0067FFF0  BSS: -> 006CEE60

Soc: MV88F6281 Rev 3 (DDR2)
CPU running @ 1000Mhz L2 running @ 333Mhz
SysClock = 333Mhz , TClock = 200Mhz 

DRAM CAS Latency = 5 tRP = 5 tRAS = 18 tRCD=6
DRAM CS[0] base 0x00000000   size  64MB 
DRAM CS[1] base 0x04000000   size  64MB 
DRAM Total size 128MB  16bit width
Flash:  0 kB
Addresses 8M - 0M are saved for the U-Boot usage.
Mem malloc Initialization (8M - 7M): Done
NAND:256 MB
CRC in Flash: ffffffff, Calculated CRC: 619d86db
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
## Error: environment overflow, "stdin" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "stdout" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "stderr" deleted

CPU : Marvell Feroceon (Rev 1)
## Error: environment overflow, "console" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mainlineLinux" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "CASset" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaMonExt" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaCpuStream" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaWrAllo" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "pexMode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Cache" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "setL2CacheWT" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Prefetch" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaICPref" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaDCPref" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "sata_dma_mode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "MALLOC_len" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethprime" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "netbsd_en" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "vxworks_en" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_root" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_end" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "image_name" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootcmd" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "standalone" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootdelay" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethmtu" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1addr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1mtu" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mvPhoneConfig" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mvNetConfig" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "usb0Mode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "yuk_ethaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "nandEcc" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "hddPowerCtrl" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "netretry" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "rcvrip" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "loadaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "autoload" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaAutoRecovery" deleted

Streaming disabled 
Write allocate disabled

Module 0 is RGMII
Module 1 is TDM

USB 0: device mode
PEX 0: interface detected no Link.
Net:   ## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0, egiga1## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted

USB:   scanning bus for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning bus for storage devices... 1 Storage Device(s) found
Trying to load image from USB flash drive using FAT FS
reading /flashware.img

** Unable to read "/flashware.img" from usb 0:1 **
Trying to load image from USB flash drive using ext2 FS partition 0
Failed to mount ext2 filesystem...
** Bad ext2 partition or disk - usb 0:0 **
Trying to load image from USB flash drive using ext2 FS partition 1

DirkPitt
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 01:35PM
DirkPitt,

There are a couple of problems.

1. The rootfs was not properly created. Let's look at it.

Mount this UB rootfs on another Linux box, and assuming it is /media/sdb1

mount
cd /media/sdb1
e2label /dev/sdb1
ls -l /media/sdb1
ls -lart /media/boot



2. There is a typo in the env

dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000

should be
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 03:28PM
Hi,
I've fix the issue....
1: Create a new USB roots

2: Stop the u-boot and change the env dtb_file


Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb

Now I'm on debian login

Netgear Stora> boot
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	30029824  	2384b32d-01	83

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

no IDE devices available
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
1 bytes read in 692 ms (0 Bytes/s)
Found bootable drive on usb 0
loading uImage ...
3821592 bytes read in 817 ms (4.5 MiB/s)
loading uInitrd ...
7245696 bytes read in 794 ms (8.7 MiB/s)
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb ...
11869 bytes read in 2614 ms (3.9 KiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-20   8:11:24 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    3821528 Bytes = 3.6 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 01100000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-24   0:18:23 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    7245632 Bytes = 6.9 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Flattened Device Tree blob at 01c00000
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x1c00000
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 03917000, end 03ffff40 ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 03911000, end 03916e5c ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 (root@tldDebian) (gcc version 4.9.2 (Debian 4.9.2-10) ) #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017
[    0.000000] CPU: Feroceon 88FR131 [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=0005397f
[    0.000000] CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache
[    0.000000] OF: fdt: Machine model: NETGEAR MS2000 / MS2110 aka Stora
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writeback
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 32512
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: -1, 2048 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 109420K/131072K available (8192K kernel code, 716K rwdata, 1972K rodata, 1024K init, 288K bss, 21652K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[    0.000000]     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
[    0.000000]     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
[    0.000000]     vmalloc : 0xc8800000 - 0xff800000   ( 880 MB)
[    0.000000]     lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xc8000000   ( 128 MB)
[    0.000000]     modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xc0000000   (  16 MB)
[    0.000000]       .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0900000   (9184 kB)
[    0.000000]       .init : 0xc0c00000 - 0xc0d00000   (1024 kB)
[    0.000000]       .data : 0xc0d00000 - 0xc0db3274   ( 717 kB)
[    0.000000]        .bss : 0xc0db9b9c - 0xc0e01e60   ( 289 kB)
[    0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[    0.000000] clocksource: orion_clocksource: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 9556302233 ns
[    0.000009] sched_clock: 32 bits at 200MHz, resolution 5ns, wraps every 10737418237ns
[    0.000052] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 5ns
[    0.000616] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.000658] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 400.00 BogoMIPS (lpj=2000000)
[    0.000687] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.000923] Security Framework initialized
[    0.001073] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.001097] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.002128] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.003347] Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100058
[    0.003673] mvebu-soc-id: MVEBU SoC ID=0x6281, Rev=0x3
[    0.007623] devtmpfs: initialized
[    0.013009] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.013042] futex hash table entries: 256 (order: -1, 3072 bytes)
[    0.013520] prandom: seed boundary self test passed
[    0.018028] prandom: 100 self tests passed
[    0.018043] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.019426] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.020011] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[    0.022006] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[    0.022091] cpuidle: using governor menu
[    0.022638] Feroceon L2: Enabling L2
[    0.022695] Feroceon L2: Cache support initialised.
[    0.023128] [Firmware Info]: /ocp@f1000000/ethernet-controller@72000/ethernet0-port@0: local-mac-address is not set
[    0.029240] No ATAGs?
[    0.040489] vgaarb: loaded
[    0.040884] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.041452] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.041543] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.041651] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.043021] clocksource: Switched to clocksource orion_clocksource
[    0.150759] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0
[    0.150852] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.163648] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.164518] TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164550] TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164575] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)
[    0.164681] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164710] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164920] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.165417] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[    0.165431] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[    0.165440] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[    0.165449] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[    0.165734] Unpacking initramfs...
[    0.958665] Freeing initrd memory: 7076K
[    0.958850] NetWinder Floating Point Emulator V0.97 (double precision)
[    0.960001] audit: initializing netlink subsys (disabled)
[    0.960592] Initialise system trusted keyrings
[    0.960649] Key type blacklist registered
[    0.960758] audit: type=2000 audit(0.957:1): state=initialized audit_enabled=0 res=1
[    0.960866] workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=15 bucket_order=0
[    0.960950] zbud: loaded
[    0.962128] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type
[    0.962159] Key type id_resolver registered
[    0.962169] Key type id_legacy registered
[    0.962190] nfs4filelayout_init: NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering...
[    0.962202] Installing knfsd (copyright (C) 1996 okir@monad.swb.de).
[    0.962440] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.962673] fuse init (API version 7.26)
[    0.963203] orangefs_debugfs_init: called with debug mask: :none: :0:
[    0.963507] orangefs_init: module version upstream loaded
[    0.963521] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, no debug enabled
[    2.553029] random: fast init done
[    8.015823] Key type asymmetric registered
[    8.015843] Asymmetric key parser 'x509' registered
[    8.015922] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major 249)
[    8.015936] io scheduler noop registered
[    8.015945] io scheduler deadline registered
[    8.016044] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    8.017538] kirkwood-pinctrl f1010000.pin-controller: registered pinctrl driver
[    8.019820] mvebu-pcie mbus@f1000000:pcie-controller@82000000: PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00
[    8.019847] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff]
[    8.019863] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xe0000000-0xefffffff]
[    8.019880] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff]
[    8.020278] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled
[    8.020308] pci 0000:00:01.0: bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring
[    8.020501] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers enabled
[    8.020591] pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge to [bus 01]
[    8.021248] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.084076] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.084337] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.143934] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.144448] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    8.146032] console [ttyS0] disabled
[    8.146112] f1012000.serial: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 26, base_baud = 12500000) is a 16550A
[    8.798554] console [ttyS0] enabled
[    8.812289] loop: module loaded
[    8.816200] sata_mv f1080000.sata: slots 32 ports 2
[    8.824503] scsi host0: sata_mv
[    8.828200] scsi host1: sata_mv
[    8.831641] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.835823] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.840842] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.847357] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.851997] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
[    8.859810] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is too weak compared to the one required by the NAND chip
[    8.871369] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.875582] Bad eraseblock 0 at 0x0000003ff000
[    8.880241] Bad eraseblock 3 at 0x000000fff000
[    8.884794] Bad eraseblock 4 at 0x0000013ff000
[    8.889320] Bad eraseblock 5 at 0x0000017ff000
[    8.893869] Bad eraseblock 6 at 0x000001bff000
[    8.898462] Bad eraseblock 8 at 0x0000023ff000
[    8.903059] Bad eraseblock 10 at 0x000002bff000
[    8.907741] Bad eraseblock 12 at 0x0000033ff000
[    8.912358] Bad eraseblock 13 at 0x0000037ff000
[    8.916995] Bad eraseblock 14 at 0x000003bff000
[    8.921610] Bad eraseblock 15 at 0x000003fff000
[    8.926247] Bad eraseblock 16 at 0x0000043ff000
[    8.930862] Bad eraseblock 17 at 0x0000047ff000
[    8.935499] Bad eraseblock 18 at 0x000004bff000
[    8.940114] Bad eraseblock 19 at 0x000004fff000
[    8.944751] Bad eraseblock 20 at 0x0000053ff000
[    8.949366] Bad eraseblock 21 at 0x0000057ff000
[    8.954003] Bad eraseblock 22 at 0x000005bff000
[    8.958618] Bad eraseblock 23 at 0x000005fff000
[    8.963254] Bad eraseblock 24 at 0x0000063ff000
[    8.967869] Bad eraseblock 25 at 0x0000067ff000
[    8.972482] Bad eraseblock 26 at 0x000006bff000
[    8.977120] Bad eraseblock 27 at 0x000006fff000
[    8.981734] Bad eraseblock 28 at 0x0000073ff000
[    8.986372] Bad eraseblock 29 at 0x0000077ff000
[    8.990987] Bad eraseblock 30 at 0x000007bff000
[    8.995623] Bad eraseblock 31 at 0x000007fff000
[    9.000303] Bad eraseblock 33 at 0x0000087ff000
[    9.004951] Bad eraseblock 34 at 0x000008bff000
[    9.009569] Bad eraseblock 35 at 0x000008fff000
[    9.014207] Bad eraseblock 36 at 0x0000093ff000
[    9.018821] Bad eraseblock 37 at 0x0000097ff000
[    9.023458] Bad eraseblock 38 at 0x000009bff000
[    9.028072] Bad eraseblock 39 at 0x000009fff000
[    9.032685] Bad eraseblock 40 at 0x00000a3ff000
[    9.037329] Bad eraseblock 41 at 0x00000a7ff000
[    9.041947] Bad eraseblock 42 at 0x00000abff000
[    9.046584] Bad eraseblock 43 at 0x00000afff000
[    9.051198] Bad eraseblock 44 at 0x00000b3ff000
[    9.055835] Bad eraseblock 45 at 0x00000b7ff000
[    9.060449] Bad eraseblock 46 at 0x00000bbff000
[    9.065115] Bad eraseblock 47 at 0x00000bfff000
[    9.069737] Bad eraseblock 48 at 0x00000c3ff000
[    9.074399] Bad eraseblock 49 at 0x00000c7ff000
[    9.079015] Bad eraseblock 50 at 0x00000cbff000
[    9.083676] Bad eraseblock 51 at 0x00000cfff000
[    9.088293] Bad eraseblock 52 at 0x00000d3ff000
[    9.092936] Bad eraseblock 53 at 0x00000d7ff000
[    9.097580] Bad eraseblock 54 at 0x00000dbff000
[    9.102232] Bad eraseblock 55 at 0x00000dfff000
[    9.106876] Bad eraseblock 56 at 0x00000e3ff000
[    9.111528] Bad eraseblock 57 at 0x00000e7ff000
[    9.116171] Bad eraseblock 58 at 0x00000ebff000
[    9.120814] Bad eraseblock 59 at 0x00000efff000
[    9.125458] Bad eraseblock 60 at 0x00000f3ff000
[    9.130110] Bad eraseblock 61 at 0x00000f7ff000
[    9.134753] Bad eraseblock 62 at 0x00000fbff000
[    9.139404] Bad eraseblock 63 at 0x00000ffff000
[    9.144000] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    9.150327] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    9.155552] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"
[    9.160456] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force read-only
[    9.169750] 0x000000100000-0x000000500000 : "kernel"
[    9.174813] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[    9.180528] mtd: partition "kernel" doesn't start on an erase block boundary -- force read-only
[    9.190819] 0x000000500000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
[    9.195871] mtd: partition "rootfs" doesn't start on an erase block boundary -- force read-only
[    9.207670] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed
[    9.212822] libphy: orion_mdio_bus: probed
[    9.217036] [Firmware Warn]: /ocp@f1000000/mdio-bus@72004/ethernet-phy@8: Whitelisted compatible string. Please remove
[    9.233706] mv643xx_eth: MV-643xx 10/100/1000 ethernet driver version 1.4
[    9.504519] ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[   10.339727] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: port 0 with MAC address 52:3b:20:9c:11:51
[   10.348647] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[   10.355264] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[   10.359802] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver
[   10.364113] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.369655] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[   10.377608] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: irq 30, io mem 0xf1050000
[   10.413063] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00
[   10.419388] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002
[   10.426248] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
[   10.433533] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.438435] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 ehci_hcd
[   10.445191] usb usb1: SerialNumber: f1050000.ehci
[   10.450684] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[   10.454566] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[   10.459252] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[   10.465771] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[   10.813063] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using orion-ehci
[   11.024616] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5583
[   11.031369] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[   11.038583] usb 1-1: Product: Ultra Fit
[   11.042444] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
[   11.046584] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 4C530000041215115005
[   11.052870] usb-storage 1-1:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[   11.059473] scsi host2: usb-storage 1-1:1.0
[   11.523062] rtc-mv f1010300.rtc: internal RTC not ticking
[   11.528708] i2c /dev entries driver
[   11.539350] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: rtc core: registered rtc-pcf8563 as rtc0
[   11.549479] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[   11.555434] drop_monitor: Initializing network drop monitor service
[   11.562025] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[   11.566629] Key type dns_resolver registered
[   11.571880] registered taskstats version 1
[   11.576041] Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates
[   11.580924] zswap: loaded using pool lzo/zbud
[   11.597555] Key type big_key registered
[   11.612871] Key type encrypted registered
[   11.620104] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: setting system clock to 2019-02-03 00:26:39 UTC (1549153599)
[   11.633252] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K
Loading, please wait...
starting version 232
[   12.088621] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Ultra Fit        1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6
[   12.107183] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 30031872 512-byte logical blocks: (15.4 GB/14.3 GiB)
[   12.124563] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
[   12.132754] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
[   12.159219]  sda: sda1
[   12.166804] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
[   12.216071] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
Begin: Loading essential drivers ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-premount ... done.
Begin: Mounting root file system ... Begin: Running /scripts/local-top ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-premount ... done.
Warning: fsck not present, so skipping root file system
[   22.926044] EXT4-fs (sda1): recovery complete
[   22.935702] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-bottom ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-bottom ... done.
INIT: version 2.88 booting
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel S.
[ ok ] Setting hostname to 'debian'...done.
[....] Starting the hotplug events dispatcher: systemd-udevdstarting version 232
. ok 
[....] Synthesizing the initial hotplug events...[   25.202086] input: gpio-keys as /devices/platform/gpio-keys/input/input0
[ ok                                             done.
[....] Waiting for /dev to be fully populated...[   25.563413] lm75 0-0048: hwmon0: sensor 'lm75'
[   25.674954] marvell-cesa f1030000.crypto: CESA device successfully registered
[   25.706100] orion_wdt: Initial timeout 21 sec
[   25.820760] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0
[   26.119901] random: crng init done
done.
[ ok ] Activating swap:.
[   27.533694] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
[....] Will now check root file system:fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -y -C0 /dev/sda1 
e2fsck 1.43.4 (31-Jan-2017)
rootfs: clean, 14452/940240 files, 205028/3753728 blocks
. ok 
[   27.976123] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro
[ ok ] Will now activate lvm and md swap:done.
[info] Will now check all file systems.
fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
Checking all file systems.
LABEL=rootfs is mounted
[....] Done checking file systems. A log is being saved in /var/log/fsck/checkfs[ ok hat location is writable..
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files...[....] Cleaning /tmp...done.
[ ok .
[ ok ] Will now mount local filesystems:.
[ ok ] Will now activate swapfile swap:done.
[ ok ] Checking minimum space in /tmp...done.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
[ ok ] Setting kernel variables...done.
[ ok ] Initializing random number generator...done.
[....] Configuring network interfaces...Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.3.5
Copyright 2004-2016 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/

Listening on LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 4
[   34.947683] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: link up, 1000 Mb/s, full duplex, flow control disabled
[   37.472188] NET: Registered protocol family 10
[   37.479521] Segment Routing with IPv6
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 6
DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.2.7 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPOFFER of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
DHCPACK of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
bound to 192.168.2.7 -- renewal in 3156 seconds.
done.
[ ok ] Starting RPC port mapper daemon: rpcbind.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
INIT: Entering runlevel: 2
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel 2.
[....] Starting busybox' syslogd implementation : syslogdStarting /sbin/syslogd...
1321 (syslogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Starting system message bus: dbus.
[ ok ] Starting Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Daemon: avahi-daemon.
[warn] Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. ... (warning).
[ ok ] Starting NTP server: ntpd.
[....] Starting busybox' klogd implementation : klogdStarting /sbin/klogd...
1320 (klogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting OpenBSD Secure Shell server: sshd.
[ ok ] Running local boot scripts (/etc/rc.local).

Debian GNU/Linux 9 debian ttyS0

debian login: root
Password: 

Login incorrect
debian login: root
Password: 
Last login: Wed Dec 31 16:01:32 PST 1969 from 192.168.0.220 on pts/0
Linux debian 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017 armv5tel

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/02/2019 03:46PM by dirkpitt74.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 04:38PM
dirkpitt,

> I've fix the issue....

Cool!

Something strange with your NAND. The kernel showed a lot of bad blocks. And the env block address does not make sense

[    8.893869] Bad eraseblock 6 at 0x000001bff000

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 06:12PM
I've try a reboot but nothing change.
root@debian:~# cat /etc/fw_env.config 
# MTD device name	Device offset	Env. size	Flash sector size	Number of sectors
/dev/mtd0 0xc0000 0x20000 0x20000
root@debian:~# cat /proc/mtd 
dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00100000 00400000 "uboot"
mtd1: 00400000 00400000 "kernel"
mtd2: 0fb00000 00400000 "rootfs"
root@debian:~# fw_printenv ethaddr
Unsupported flash type 8 on /dev/mtd0
Warning: Bad CRC, using default environment
ethaddr=00:00:11:22:33:44
root@debian:~# dmesg | grep -i 'bad'
[    8.871397] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.875610] Bad eraseblock 0 at 0x0000003ff000
[    8.880270] Bad eraseblock 3 at 0x000000fff000
[    8.884822] Bad eraseblock 4 at 0x0000013ff000
[    8.889348] Bad eraseblock 5 at 0x0000017ff000
[    8.893898] Bad eraseblock 6 at 0x000001bff000
[    8.898490] Bad eraseblock 8 at 0x0000023ff000
[    8.903109] Bad eraseblock 10 at 0x000002bff000
[    8.907795] Bad eraseblock 12 at 0x0000033ff000
[    8.912411] Bad eraseblock 13 at 0x0000037ff000
[    8.917050] Bad eraseblock 14 at 0x000003bff000
[    8.921664] Bad eraseblock 15 at 0x000003fff000
[    8.926301] Bad eraseblock 16 at 0x0000043ff000
[    8.930917] Bad eraseblock 17 at 0x0000047ff000
[    8.935553] Bad eraseblock 18 at 0x000004bff000
[    8.940168] Bad eraseblock 19 at 0x000004fff000
[    8.944805] Bad eraseblock 20 at 0x0000053ff000
[    8.949420] Bad eraseblock 21 at 0x0000057ff000
[    8.954058] Bad eraseblock 22 at 0x000005bff000
[    8.958671] Bad eraseblock 23 at 0x000005fff000
[    8.963309] Bad eraseblock 24 at 0x0000063ff000
[    8.967924] Bad eraseblock 25 at 0x0000067ff000
[    8.972536] Bad eraseblock 26 at 0x000006bff000
[    8.977174] Bad eraseblock 27 at 0x000006fff000
[    8.981788] Bad eraseblock 28 at 0x0000073ff000
[    8.986426] Bad eraseblock 29 at 0x0000077ff000
[    8.991040] Bad eraseblock 30 at 0x000007bff000
[    8.995678] Bad eraseblock 31 at 0x000007fff000
[    9.000357] Bad eraseblock 33 at 0x0000087ff000
[    9.005005] Bad eraseblock 34 at 0x000008bff000
[    9.009624] Bad eraseblock 35 at 0x000008fff000
[    9.014270] Bad eraseblock 36 at 0x0000093ff000
[    9.018884] Bad eraseblock 37 at 0x0000097ff000
[    9.023520] Bad eraseblock 38 at 0x000009bff000
[    9.028135] Bad eraseblock 39 at 0x000009fff000
[    9.032747] Bad eraseblock 40 at 0x00000a3ff000
[    9.037393] Bad eraseblock 41 at 0x00000a7ff000
[    9.042009] Bad eraseblock 42 at 0x00000abff000
[    9.046648] Bad eraseblock 43 at 0x00000afff000
[    9.051261] Bad eraseblock 44 at 0x00000b3ff000
[    9.055898] Bad eraseblock 45 at 0x00000b7ff000
[    9.060513] Bad eraseblock 46 at 0x00000bbff000
[    9.065177] Bad eraseblock 47 at 0x00000bfff000
[    9.069791] Bad eraseblock 48 at 0x00000c3ff000
[    9.074453] Bad eraseblock 49 at 0x00000c7ff000
[    9.079069] Bad eraseblock 50 at 0x00000cbff000
[    9.083730] Bad eraseblock 51 at 0x00000cfff000
[    9.088348] Bad eraseblock 52 at 0x00000d3ff000
[    9.092990] Bad eraseblock 53 at 0x00000d7ff000
[    9.097634] Bad eraseblock 54 at 0x00000dbff000
[    9.102276] Bad eraseblock 55 at 0x00000dfff000
[    9.106921] Bad eraseblock 56 at 0x00000e3ff000
[    9.111572] Bad eraseblock 57 at 0x00000e7ff000
[    9.116216] Bad eraseblock 58 at 0x00000ebff000
[    9.120858] Bad eraseblock 59 at 0x00000efff000
[    9.125504] Bad eraseblock 60 at 0x00000f3ff000
[    9.130154] Bad eraseblock 61 at 0x00000f7ff000
[    9.134798] Bad eraseblock 62 at 0x00000fbff000
[    9.139450] Bad eraseblock 63 at 0x00000ffff000
root@debian:~#
If I search bad block with uboot nand bad command I find:
Netgear Stora> nand bad
Device 0 bad blocks:
  048a0000
  076c0000
  0b560000
My stora boot only with kwboot. What do you think if I try to perform a NAND reset using nand scrub or a nand erase command? Could this solve the issue??

Thanks

Dirkpitt



Edited 2 time(s). Last edit at 02/02/2019 06:20PM by dirkpitt74.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 02, 2019 07:09PM
Dirkpitt,

Since you can only boot with kwboot, it does not hurt to try nand scrub. After scrubbing, boot into Debian and see if you can flash the new u-boot to make it permanent.

As it is right now, the kernel does seem to get a misleading NAND info after initializing so it is useless anyway.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/02/2019 07:11PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 03, 2019 06:45AM
Hi Bodhi,
I've perform a nand scrub and now no Bad eraseblock.
dmesg | grep -i 'bad'
[    8.865697] Scanning device for bad blocks
Strange thing because on uboot I've this output
Netgear Stora> nand bad       
Device 0 bad blocks:
  048a0000
  076c0000
  0b560000

I'm trying to flash the uboot having this issue
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 4
flash_erase: error!: /dev/mtd0
             error 13 (Permission denied)
root@debian:~/tools# ./nandwrite /dev/mtd0 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb
nandwrite: error!: /dev/mtd0
           error 13 (Permission denied)
Is the NAND in read only mode. On debian I'm logged as root...


Dirk Pitt.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 03, 2019 07:18AM
Dirk Pitt,

> Is the NAND in read only mode. On debian I'm
> logged as root...

It should be writeable.

Please post
dmesg
cat /proc/mtd

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 03, 2019 08:36AM
Hi Bodhi,
root@debian:~/tools# dmesg                                                      
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0                                
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 (root@tldDebian) (gcc versio7
[    0.000000] CPU: Feroceon 88FR131 [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=000539f
[    0.000000] CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache                     
[    0.000000] OF: fdt: Machine model: NETGEAR MS2000 / MS2110 aka Stora        
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writeback                              
[    0.000000] On node 0 totalpages: 32768                                      
[    0.000000] free_area_init_node: node 0, pgdat c0d9e084, node_mem_map c7ef900
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 256 pages used for memmap                         
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 0 pages reserved                                  
[    0.000000]   Normal zone: 32768 pages, LIFO batch:7                         
[    0.000000] pcpu-alloc: s0 r0 d32768 u32768 alloc=1*32768                    
[    0.000000] pcpu-alloc: [0] 0                                                
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pa2
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootw
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: -1, 2048 bytes)              
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)   
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)     
[    0.000000] Memory: 109420K/131072K available (8192K kernel code, 716K rwdat)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:                                    
                   vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)                
                   fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)                
                   vmalloc : 0xc8800000 - 0xff800000   ( 880 MB)                
                   lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xc8000000   ( 128 MB)                
                   modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xc0000000   (  16 MB)                
                     .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0900000   (9184 kB)                
                     .init : 0xc0c00000 - 0xc0d00000   (1024 kB)                
                     .data : 0xc0d00000 - 0xc0db3274   ( 717 kB)                
                      .bss : 0xc0db9b9c - 0xc0e01e60   ( 289 kB)                
[    0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.                     
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16                                         
[    0.000000] clocksource: orion_clocksource: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xfs
[    0.000009] sched_clock: 32 bits at 200MHz, resolution 5ns, wraps every 1073s
[    0.000053] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 5ns              
[    0.000618] Console: colour dummy device 80x30                               
[    0.000659] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer f)
[    0.000687] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301                             
[    0.000919] Security Framework initialized                                   
[    0.001067] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)      
[    0.001091] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes) 
[    0.002128] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok                          
[    0.003349] Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100058           
[    0.003676] mvebu-soc-id: MVEBU SoC ID=0x6281, Rev=0x3                       
[    0.007621] devtmpfs: initialized                                            
[    0.012971] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, ms
[    0.013003] futex hash table entries: 256 (order: -1, 3072 bytes)            
[    0.013480] prandom: seed boundary self test passed                          
[    0.017987] prandom: 100 self tests passed                                   
[    0.018001] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem                      
[    0.019395] NET: Registered protocol family 16                               
[    0.019981] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations   
[    0.021995] cpuidle: using governor ladder                                   
[    0.022080] cpuidle: using governor menu                                     
[    0.022627] Feroceon L2: Enabling L2                                         
[    0.022684] Feroceon L2: Cache support initialised.                          
[    0.023117] [Firmware Info]: /ocp@f1000000/ethernet-controller@72000/ethernet
[    0.029225] No ATAGs?                                                        
[    0.040495] vgaarb: loaded                                                   
[    0.040890] SCSI subsystem initialized                                       
[    0.041110] libata version 3.00 loaded.                                      
[    0.041458] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs                   
[    0.041550] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub                     
[    0.041656] usbcore: registered new device driver usb                        
[    0.043021] clocksource: Switched to clocksource orion_clocksource           
[    0.150709] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0                                     
[    0.150801] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)  
[    0.163578] NET: Registered protocol family 2                                
[    0.164453] TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)  
[    0.164485] TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)         
[    0.164510] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)         
[    0.164616] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)               
[    0.164645] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)          
[    0.164858] NET: Registered protocol family 1                                
[    0.165354] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.              
[    0.165369] RPC: Registered udp transport module.                            
[    0.165378] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.                            
[    0.165386] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.        
[    0.165401] PCI: CLS 0 bytes, default 32                                     
[    0.165667] Unpacking initramfs...                                           
[    0.958574] Freeing initrd memory: 7076K                                     
[    0.958759] NetWinder Floating Point Emulator V0.97 (double precision)       
[    0.959912] audit: initializing netlink subsys (disabled)                    
[    0.960503] Initialise system trusted keyrings                               
[    0.960571] Key type blacklist registered                                    
[    0.960683] audit: type=2000 audit(0.957:1): state=initialized audit_enabled1
[    0.960794] workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=15 bucket_order=0        
[    0.960877] zbud: loaded                                                     
[    0.962049] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type                        
[    0.962081] Key type id_resolver registered                                  
[    0.962093] Key type id_legacy registered                                    
[    0.962113] nfs4filelayout_init: NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering...     
[    0.962126] Installing knfsd (copyright (C) 1996 okir@monad.swb.de).         
[    0.962362] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  \xffffffc2\xffffffa9 2001-.
[    0.962595] fuse init (API version 7.26)                                     
[    0.963121] orangefs_debugfs_init: called with debug mask: :none: :0:        
[    0.963428] orangefs_init: module version upstream loaded                    
[    0.963442] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, no debug enabld
[    2.553030] random: fast init done                                           
[    8.015939] Key type asymmetric registered                                   
[    8.015959] Asymmetric key parser 'x509' registered                          
[    8.016038] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major )
[    8.016052] io scheduler noop registered                                     
[    8.016062] io scheduler deadline registered                                 
[    8.016161] io scheduler cfq registered (default)                            
[    8.017656] kirkwood-pinctrl f1010000.pin-controller: registered pinctrl drir
[    8.019937] mvebu-pcie mbus@f1000000:pcie-controller@82000000: PCI host brid0
[    8.019963] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff]          
[    8.019979] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xe0000000-0xefffffff]   
[    8.019995] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff]                   
[    8.020010] pci_bus 0000:00: scanning bus                                    
[    8.020054] pci 0000:00:01.0: [11ab:6281] type 01 class 0x060400             
[    8.020104] pci 0000:00:01.0: calling pci_fixup_ide_bases+0x0/0x40           
[    8.020379] pci_bus 0000:00: fixups for bus                                  
[    8.020394] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled                  
[    8.020413] pci 0000:00:01.0: scanning [bus 00-00] behind bridge, pass 0     
[    8.020423] pci 0000:00:01.0: bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reg
[    8.020444] pci 0000:00:01.0: scanning [bus 00-00] behind bridge, pass 1     
[    8.020596] pci_bus 0000:01: scanning bus                                    
[    8.020608] pci_bus 0000:01: fixups for bus                                  
[    8.020615] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers enabled                   
[    8.020629] pci_bus 0000:01: bus scan returning with max=01                  
[    8.020642] pci_bus 0000:01: busn_res: [bus 01-ff] end is updated to 01      
[    8.020655] pci_bus 0000:00: bus scan returning with max=01                  
[    8.020671] pci 0000:00:01.0: fixup irq: got 0                               
[    8.020679] pci 0000:00:01.0: assigning IRQ 00                               
[    8.020705] pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge to [bus 01]                         
[    8.020817] pcieport 0000:00:01.0: enabling bus mastering                    
[    8.021355] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver                   
[    8.084070] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg )
[    8.084332] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver                   
[    8.143938] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg )
[    8.144453] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled         
[    8.146042] console [ttyS0] disabled                                         
[    8.146121] f1012000.serial: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 26, base_baud =A
[    8.798565] console [ttyS0] enabled                                          
[    8.812295] loop: module loaded                                              
[    8.815894] sata_mv f1080000.sata: version 1.28                              
[    8.816212] sata_mv f1080000.sata: slots 32 ports 2                          
[    8.824519] scsi host0: sata_mv                                              
[    8.828218] scsi host1: sata_mv                                              
[    8.831653] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33                                   
[    8.835832] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33                                   
[    8.840843] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda         
[    8.847351] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit                             
[    8.851990] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB s8
[    8.859804] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is toop
[    8.871364] Scanning device for bad blocks                                   
[    8.879659] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand          
[    8.885979] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":                       
[    8.891155] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"                          
[    8.896085] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force rey
[    8.905356] 0x000000100000-0x000000500000 : "kernel"                         
[    8.910353] mtd: partition "kernel" doesn't start on an erase block boundaryy
[    8.920659] 0x000000500000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"                         
[    8.925709] mtd: partition "rootfs" doesn't start on an erase block boundaryy
[    8.937494] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed                                   
[    8.942642] libphy: orion_mdio_bus: probed                                   
[    8.946850] [Firmware Warn]: /ocp@f1000000/mdio-bus@72004/ethernet-phy@8: Whe
[    8.963646] mv643xx_eth: MV-643xx 10/100/1000 ethernet driver version 1.4    
[    9.174528] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)                   
[    9.524502] ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)                   
[   10.074613] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: port 0 with MAC addres1
[   10.083644] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver       
[   10.090227] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver                               
[   10.094800] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver                                    
[   10.099085] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: EHCI Host Controller                   
[   10.104669] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus n1
[   10.112581] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: irq 30, io mem 0xf1050000              
[   10.143065] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00             
[   10.149388] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002    
[   10.156252] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber1
[   10.163538] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller                          
[   10.168441] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 ehci_hcd     
[   10.175196] usb usb1: SerialNumber: f1050000.ehci                            
[   10.180686] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found                                       
[   10.184571] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected                                     
[   10.189258] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage             
[   10.195769] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice                  
[   10.543063] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using orion-ehci     
[   10.754463] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5583     
[   10.761217] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[   10.768418] usb 1-1: Product: Ultra Fit                                      
[   10.772292] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: SanDisk                                   
[   10.776432] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 4C530000041215115005                      
[   10.782715] usb-storage 1-1:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected            
[   10.789305] scsi host2: usb-storage 1-1:1.0                                  
[   11.283057] rtc-mv f1010300.rtc: internal RTC not ticking                    
[   11.288702] i2c /dev entries driver                                          
[   11.299352] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: rtc core: registered rtc-pcf8563 as rtc0     
[   11.309501] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina                    
[   11.315464] drop_monitor: Initializing network drop monitor service          
[   11.322052] NET: Registered protocol family 17                               
[   11.326657] Key type dns_resolver registered                                 
[   11.331912] registered taskstats version 1                                   
[   11.336068] Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates                           
[   11.340950] zswap: loaded using pool lzo/zbud                                
[   11.357596] Key type big_key registered                                      
[   11.373016] Key type encrypted registered                                    
[   11.380191] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: setting system clock to 2019-02-03 12:55:59 )
[   11.389073] PM: Hibernation image not present or could not be loaded.        
[   11.393360] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K                              
[   11.847341] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Ultra Fit        1.00 P6
[   11.865412] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 30031872 512-byte logical blocks: (15.4 GB/14.)
[   11.882288] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off                           
[   11.890860] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Mode Sense: 43 00 00 00                        
[   11.891656] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doA
[   11.916566]  sda: sda1                                                       
[   11.924399] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk                   
[   11.976063] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas                     
[   22.769227] EXT4-fs (sda1): recovery complete                                
[   22.775674] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts:)
[   25.046227] input: gpio-keys as /devices/platform/gpio-keys/input/input0     
[   25.352903] lm75 0-0048: hwmon0: sensor 'lm75'                               
[   25.523445] marvell-cesa f1030000.crypto: CESA device successfully registered
[   25.572695] orion_wdt: Initial timeout 21 sec                                
[   25.642811] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0                     
[   25.840566] random: crng init done                                           
[   27.342411] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)                         
[   27.776845] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro              
[   34.711855] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: link up, 1000 Mb/s, fud
[   37.234338] NET: Registered protocol family 10                               
[   37.241585] Segment Routing with IPv6                                        
root@debian:~/tools# cat /proc/mtd                                              
dev:    size   erasesize  name                                                  
mtd0: 00100000 00400000 "uboot"                                                 
mtd1: 00400000 00400000 "kernel"                                                
mtd2: 0fb00000 00400000 "rootfs"                                                
root@debian:~/tools#
Dirk Pitt



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/03/2019 08:37AM by dirkpitt74.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 03, 2019 12:08PM
Dirk,

mtd is not initialized correctly yet.

[    8.885979] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":                       
[    8.891155] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"                          
[    8.896085] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force rey
[    8.905356] 0x000000100000-0x000000500000 : "kernel"                         
[    8.910353] mtd: partition "kernel" doesn't start on an erase block boundaryy
[    8.920659] 0x000000500000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"                         
[    8.925709] mtd: partition "rootfs" doesn't start on an erase block boundaryy


So even though the definition is OK. It still not writeable.

root@debian:~/tools# cat /proc/mtd                                              
dev:    size   erasesize  name                                                  
mtd0: 00100000 00400000 "uboot"                                                 
mtd1: 00400000 00400000 "kernel"                                                
mtd2: 0fb00000 00400000 "rootfs"

Let me think of something to try.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/03/2019 12:17PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 04:22AM
Dirk,

kwboot again, and interrupt serial console, setenv for the DTB like you did, and also redefine mtdparts

setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),4M@(kernel),-(rootfs)'
and boot
boot

In Debian

cat /proc/mtd
And try flashing u-boot again.

Please post the entire serial console log if there were errors.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 03:05PM
Hi Bodhi,
same issue...
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
Netgear Stora> setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),4M@(kernel),-(rootfs)'
Netgear Stora> printenv
arcNumber=2743
baudrate=115200
bootcmd=run bootcmd_uenv; run scan_disk; run set_bootargs; run bootcmd_exec; reset
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm$load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
bootdelay=10
bootdev=usb
console=console=ttyS0,115200
device=0:1
devices=usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
ethact=egiga0
ethaddr=52:3b:20:9c:11:51
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
ipaddr=192.168.0.231
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_dtb_addr=0x1c00000
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_initrd_addr=0x1100000
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
load_uimage_addr=0x800000
mainlineLinux=yes
mtdids=nand0=orion_nand
mtdparts=mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),4M@(kernel),-(rootfs)
partition=nand0,2
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
serverip=192.168.0.220
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
stderr=serial
stdin=serial
stdout=serial
uenv_addr=0x810000
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi
usb_ready_retry=15

Environment size: 2898/131068 bytes
Netgear Stora> boot
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	30029824  	2384b32d-01	83

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

no IDE devices available
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
1 bytes read in 692 ms (0 Bytes/s)
Found bootable drive on usb 0
loading uImage ...
3821592 bytes read in 817 ms (4.5 MiB/s)
loading uInitrd ...
7245696 bytes read in 793 ms (8.7 MiB/s)
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb ...
11869 bytes read in 2614 ms (3.9 KiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-20   8:11:24 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    3821528 Bytes = 3.6 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 01100000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-24   0:18:23 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    7245632 Bytes = 6.9 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Flattened Device Tree blob at 01c00000
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x1c00000
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 03917000, end 03ffff40 ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 03911000, end 03916e5c ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 (root@tldDebian) (gcc version 4.9.2 (Debian 4.9.2-10) ) #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017
[    0.000000] CPU: Feroceon 88FR131 [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=0005397f
[    0.000000] CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache
[    0.000000] OF: fdt: Machine model: NETGEAR MS2000 / MS2110 aka Stora
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writeback
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 32512
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),4M@(kernel),-(rootfs)
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: -1, 2048 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 109420K/131072K available (8192K kernel code, 716K rwdata, 1972K rodata, 1024K init, 288K bss, 21652K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[    0.000000]     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
[    0.000000]     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
[    0.000000]     vmalloc : 0xc8800000 - 0xff800000   ( 880 MB)
[    0.000000]     lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xc8000000   ( 128 MB)
[    0.000000]     modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xc0000000   (  16 MB)
[    0.000000]       .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0900000   (9184 kB)
[    0.000000]       .init : 0xc0c00000 - 0xc0d00000   (1024 kB)
[    0.000000]       .data : 0xc0d00000 - 0xc0db3274   ( 717 kB)
[    0.000000]        .bss : 0xc0db9b9c - 0xc0e01e60   ( 289 kB)
[    0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[    0.000000] clocksource: orion_clocksource: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 9556302233 ns
[    0.000009] sched_clock: 32 bits at 200MHz, resolution 5ns, wraps every 10737418237ns
[    0.000051] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 5ns
[    0.000619] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.000661] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 400.00 BogoMIPS (lpj=2000000)
[    0.000689] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.000923] Security Framework initialized
[    0.001073] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.001096] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.002133] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.003359] Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100058
[    0.003686] mvebu-soc-id: MVEBU SoC ID=0x6281, Rev=0x3
[    0.007640] devtmpfs: initialized
[    0.012959] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.012992] futex hash table entries: 256 (order: -1, 3072 bytes)
[    0.013465] prandom: seed boundary self test passed
[    0.017973] prandom: 100 self tests passed
[    0.017988] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.019382] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.019944] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[    0.021981] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[    0.022069] cpuidle: using governor menu
[    0.022594] Feroceon L2: Enabling L2
[    0.022650] Feroceon L2: Cache support initialised.
[    0.023084] [Firmware Info]: /ocp@f1000000/ethernet-controller@72000/ethernet0-port@0: local-mac-address is not set
[    0.029196] No ATAGs?
[    0.040434] vgaarb: loaded
[    0.040826] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.041395] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.041487] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.041593] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.042945] clocksource: Switched to clocksource orion_clocksource
[    0.150617] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0
[    0.150710] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.163477] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.164352] TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164383] TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164409] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)
[    0.164514] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164544] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164757] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.165253] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[    0.165267] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[    0.165276] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[    0.165285] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[    0.165566] Unpacking initramfs...
[    0.958519] Freeing initrd memory: 7076K
[    0.958684] NetWinder Floating Point Emulator V0.97 (double precision)
[    0.959834] audit: initializing netlink subsys (disabled)
[    0.960425] Initialise system trusted keyrings
[    0.960486] Key type blacklist registered
[    0.960617] audit: type=2000 audit(0.957:1): state=initialized audit_enabled=0 res=1
[    0.960726] workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=15 bucket_order=0
[    0.960809] zbud: loaded
[    0.961980] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type
[    0.962014] Key type id_resolver registered
[    0.962025] Key type id_legacy registered
[    0.962046] nfs4filelayout_init: NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering...
[    0.962059] Installing knfsd (copyright (C) 1996 okir@monad.swb.de).
[    0.962295] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.962529] fuse init (API version 7.26)
[    0.963058] orangefs_debugfs_init: called with debug mask: :none: :0:
[    0.963363] orangefs_init: module version upstream loaded
[    0.963376] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, no debug enabled
[    2.552953] random: fast init done
[    8.015786] Key type asymmetric registered
[    8.015806] Asymmetric key parser 'x509' registered
[    8.015885] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major 249)
[    8.015898] io scheduler noop registered
[    8.015908] io scheduler deadline registered
[    8.016008] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    8.017501] kirkwood-pinctrl f1010000.pin-controller: registered pinctrl driver
[    8.019774] mvebu-pcie mbus@f1000000:pcie-controller@82000000: PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00
[    8.019799] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff]
[    8.019815] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xe0000000-0xefffffff]
[    8.019832] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff]
[    8.020231] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled
[    8.020259] pci 0000:00:01.0: bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring
[    8.020451] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers enabled
[    8.020542] pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge to [bus 01]
[    8.021194] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.083997] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.084259] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.143855] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.144373] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    8.145959] console [ttyS0] disabled
[    8.146037] f1012000.serial: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 26, base_baud = 12500000) is a 16550A
[    8.797550] console [ttyS0] enabled
[    8.811320] loop: module loaded
[    8.815222] sata_mv f1080000.sata: slots 32 ports 2
[    8.823547] scsi host0: sata_mv
[    8.827239] scsi host1: sata_mv
[    8.830680] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.834860] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.839871] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.846379] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.851019] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
[    8.858833] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is too weak compared to the one required by the NAND chip
[    8.870392] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.878685] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.885008] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.890185] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"
[    8.895114] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force read-only
[    8.904401] 0x000000000000-0x000000400000 : "kernel"
[    8.910904] 0x000000400000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
[    8.918980] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed
[    8.924200] libphy: orion_mdio_bus: probed
[    8.928340] [Firmware Warn]: /ocp@f1000000/mdio-bus@72004/ethernet-phy@8: Whitelisted compatible string. Please remove
[    8.945225] mv643xx_eth: MV-643xx 10/100/1000 ethernet driver version 1.4
[    9.174441] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[    9.524425] ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[   10.054546] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: port 0 with MAC address 52:3b:20:9c:11:51
[   10.063465] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[   10.070053] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[   10.074622] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver
[   10.078902] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.084603] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[   10.092522] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: irq 30, io mem 0xf1050000
[   10.122987] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00
[   10.129307] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002
[   10.136166] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
[   10.143453] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.148355] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 ehci_hcd
[   10.155111] usb usb1: SerialNumber: f1050000.ehci
[   10.160606] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[   10.164494] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[   10.169182] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[   10.175689] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[   10.522987] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using orion-ehci
[   10.734529] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5583
[   10.741293] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[   10.748510] usb 1-1: Product: Ultra Fit
[   10.752372] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
[   10.756512] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 4C530000041215115005
[   10.762781] usb-storage 1-1:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[   10.769373] scsi host2: usb-storage 1-1:1.0
[   11.202979] rtc-mv f1010300.rtc: internal RTC not ticking
[   11.208622] i2c /dev entries driver
[   11.219276] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: rtc core: registered rtc-pcf8563 as rtc0
[   11.229410] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[   11.235365] drop_monitor: Initializing network drop monitor service
[   11.241954] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[   11.246557] Key type dns_resolver registered
[   11.251777] registered taskstats version 1
[   11.255936] Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates
[   11.260819] zswap: loaded using pool lzo/zbud
[   11.277471] Key type big_key registered
[   11.292804] Key type encrypted registered
[   11.300046] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: setting system clock to 2019-02-04 20:54:52 UTC (1549313692)
[   11.313198] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K
Loading, please wait...
starting version 232
[   11.846136] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
[   11.853137] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Ultra Fit        1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6
[   11.871479] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 30031872 512-byte logical blocks: (15.4 GB/14.3 GiB)
[   11.885979] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
[   11.897200] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
[   11.920517]  sda: sda1
[   11.927968] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
Begin: Loading essential drivers ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-premount ... done.
Begin: Mounting root file system ... Begin: Running /scripts/local-top ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-premount ... done.
Warning: fsck not present, so skipping root file system
[   22.591856] EXT4-fs (sda1): INFO: recovery required on readonly filesystem
[   22.598983] EXT4-fs (sda1): write access will be enabled during recovery
[   22.712022] EXT4-fs (sda1): recovery complete
[   22.723608] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-bottom ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-bottom ... done.
INIT: version 2.88 booting
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel S.
[ ok ] Setting hostname to 'debian'...done.
[....] Starting the hotplug events dispatcher: systemd-udevdstarting version 232
. ok 
[....] Synthesizing the initial hotplug events...[   25.007122] input: gpio-keys as /devices/platform/gpio-keys/input/input0
done.
[....] Waiting for /dev to be fully populated...[   25.339644] lm75 0-0048: hwmon0: sensor 'lm75'
[   25.412100] orion_wdt: Initial timeout 21 sec
[   25.520205] marvell-cesa f1030000.crypto: CESA device successfully registered
[   25.635451] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0
done.
[   26.616258] random: crng init done
[ ok ] Activating swap:.
[   26.974762] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
[....] Will now check root file system:fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -y -C0 /dev/sda1 
e2fsck 1.43.4 (31-Jan-2017)
rootfs: clean, 14569/940240 files, 230352/3753728 blocks
. ok 
[   27.291288] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro
[ ok ] Will now activate lvm and md swap:done.
[info] Will now check all file systems.
fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
Checking all file systems.
LABEL=rootfs is mounted
[....] Done checking file systems. A log is being saved in /var/log/fsck/checkfs if that location is wr[ ok e..
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files...[....] Cleaning /tmp...done.
[ ok .
[ ok ] Will now mount local filesystems:.
[ ok ] Will now activate swapfile swap:done.
[ ok ] Checking minimum space in /tmp...done.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
[ ok ] Setting kernel variables...done.
[ ok ] Initializing random number generator...done.
[....] Configuring network interfaces...Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.3.5
Copyright 2004-2016 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/

Listening on LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.2.7 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
[   34.252808] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: link up, 1000 Mb/s, full duplex, flow control disabled
[   37.559228] NET: Registered protocol family 10
[   37.567029] Segment Routing with IPv6
DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.2.7 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPACK of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
bound to 192.168.2.7 -- renewal in 2372 seconds.
done.
[ ok ] Starting RPC port mapper daemon: rpcbind.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
INIT: Entering runlevel: 2
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel 2.
[....] Starting busybox' syslogd implementation : syslogdStarting /sbin/syslogd...
1326 (syslogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting system message bus: dbus.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Starting Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Daemon: avahi-daemon.
[warn] Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. ... (warning).
[ ok ] Starting NTP server: ntpd.
[....] Starting busybox' klogd implementation : klogdStarting /sbin/klogd...
1329 (klogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting OpenBSD Secure Shell server: sshd.
[ ok ] Running local boot scripts (/etc/rc.local).

Debian GNU/Linux 9 debian ttyS0

debian login: root
Password: 
Last login: Mon Feb  4 12:47:11 PST 2019 on ttyS0
Linux debian 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017 armv5tel

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.
root@debian:~# cat /etc/fw_env.config
root@debian:~# cat /proc/mtd 
dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00100000 00400000 "uboot"
mtd1: 00400000 00400000 "kernel"
mtd2: 0fc00000 00400000 "rootfs"
root@debian:~# cd tools
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 4
flash_erase: error!: /dev/mtd0
             error 13 (Permission denied)

Dirk Pitt
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 04:48PM
Still something not right here. I am wondering if the NAND chip was misidentified. Most of the STORA log that I've seen, the Samsung chip is SLC and the erased block size is 128K.

[    8.909289] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.915788] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.920476] nand: 256 MiB, SLC, erase size: 128 KiB, page size: 2048, OOB size: 64

Your boot log:
[    8.839871] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.846379] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.851019] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
[    8.858833] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is too weak compared to the one required by the NAND chip
[    8.870392] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.878685] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.885008] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.890185] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"
[    8.895114] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force read-only
[    8.904401] 0x000000000000-0x000000400000 : "kernel"
[    8.910904] 0x000000400000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"

That could be a problem.

Try to play with some nand commands in u-boot prompt to see if you can find out more info about the nand chip/partition.

At u-boot prompt,
help
nand info

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/04/2019 04:49PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 05:13PM
Hi Bodhi,
some progress....
I've make some search.. The nand partition must start and end up with a multiple of erase size.
My stora have
[    8.840842] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.847357] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.851997] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
I've modify the mtdpart like this
setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:12288K(uboot),53248k@12288k(kernel),-(rootfs)'
An after kwboot this is the boot log..
[    8.871600] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.879893] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.886215] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.891392] 0x000000000000-0x000000c00000 : "uboot"
[    8.897877] 0x000000c00000-0x000004000000 : "kernel"
[    8.904455] 0x000004000000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
Now I've follow your guide..
Erase partition
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 4
Erasing 4096 Kibyte @ 800000 -- 50 % complete libmtd: error!: bad eraseblock number 3, mtd0 has 3 eraseblocks
flash_erase: error!: /dev/mtd0: MTD get bad block failed
             error 22 (Invalid argument)
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 3
Erasing 4096 Kibyte @ 800000 -- 100 % complete
Write uboot to NAND
root@debian:~/tools# ./nandwrite /dev/mtd0 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb 
Writing data to block 0 at offset 0x0
Erase and write env to NAND
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0xc0000 1
Erasing 4096 Kibyte @ 0 -- 100 % complete 
root@debian:~/tools# ./nandwrite -s 786432 /dev/mtd0 uboot.2016.05-tld-1.environment.img
Writing data to block 0 at offset 0x0
Reboot

The stora won't boot :(

I think that the large erase size delete too much data.
Can I change the erase size?

Other suggestions??

Thank a lot.

Dirk Pitt

OPS... I've find the same... too late.



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/04/2019 05:16PM by dirkpitt74.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 05:26PM
Dirk,

Assuming the NAND info is correct in the kernel boot log, we can try this.

All we care is the mtd0 for u-boot. And we don't care about the envs yet at this point.

kwboot again, in serial console,

setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:4M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
and boot into Debian.

There should be 2 mtd partitions
cat /proc/mtd

And flash it.

./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
./nandwrite /dev/mtd0 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb

And reboot.

If there was error during the nandwrite above, we'll adjust to it.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/04/2019 05:28PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 05:30PM
OK. Please go ahead.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/04/2019 05:31PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 05:31PM
Hi Bodhi,
I was writing about my discovery and you had already found it.
This is the uboot log
Netgear Stora> help
?       - alias for 'help'
base    - print or set address offset
bdinfo  - print Board Info structure
boot    - boot default, i.e., run 'bootcmd'
bootd   - boot default, i.e., run 'bootcmd'
bootefi - Boots an EFI payload from memory
bootelf - Boot from an ELF image in memory
bootm   - boot application image from memory
bootp   - boot image via network using BOOTP/TFTP protocol
bootvx  - Boot vxWorks from an ELF image
bootz   - boot Linux zImage image from memory
chpart  - change active partition
cmp     - memory compare
coninfo - print console devices and information
cp      - memory copy
crc32   - checksum calculation
date    - get/set/reset date & time
dhcp    - boot image via network using DHCP/TFTP protocol
diskboot- boot from IDE device
dns     - lookup the IP of a hostname
echo    - echo args to console
editenv - edit environment variable
env     - environment handling commands
exit    - exit script
ext2load- load binary file from a Ext2 filesystem
ext2ls  - list files in a directory (default /)
ext4load- load binary file from a Ext4 filesystem
ext4ls  - list files in a directory (default /)
ext4size- determine a file's size
false   - do nothing, unsuccessfully
fatinfo - print information about filesystem
fatload - load binary file from a dos filesystem
fatls   - list files in a directory (default /)
fatsize - determine a file's size
fdt     - flattened device tree utility commands
fsinfo  - print information about jffs filesystems
fsload  - load binary file from a jffs filesystem image
fsls    - list jffs files in a directory (default /)
fstype  - Look up a filesystem type
go      - start application at address 'addr'
gpio    - query and control gpio pins
gpt     - GUID Partition Table
help    - print command description/usage
ide     - IDE sub-system
iminfo  - print header information for application image
imxtract- extract a part of a multi-image
itest   - return true/false on integer compare
load    - load binary file from a filesystem
loadb   - load binary file over serial line (kermit mode)
loads   - load S-Record file over serial line
loadx   - load binary file over serial line (xmodem mode)
loady   - load binary file over serial line (ymodem mode)
loop    - infinite loop on address range
ls      - list files in a directory (default /)
md      - memory display
mii     - MII utility commands
mm      - memory modify (auto-incrementing address)
mtdparts- define flash/nand partitions
mw      - memory write (fill)
nand    - NAND sub-system
nboot   - boot from NAND device
nfs     - boot image via network using NFS protocol
nm      - memory modify (constant address)
ping    - send ICMP ECHO_REQUEST to network host
printenv- print environment variables
reset   - Perform RESET of the CPU
run     - run commands in an environment variable
save    - save file to a filesystem
saveenv - save environment variables to persistent storage
setenv  - set environment variables
setexpr - set environment variable as the result of eval expression
showvar - print local hushshell variables
size    - determine a file's size
sleep   - delay execution for some time
sntp    - synchronize RTC via network
source  - run script from memory
test    - minimal test like /bin/sh
tftpboot- boot image via network using TFTP protocol
true    - do nothing, successfully
ubi     - ubi commands
ubifsload- load file from an UBIFS filesystem
ubifsls - list files in a directory
ubifsmount- mount UBIFS volume
ubifsumount- unmount UBIFS volume
usb     - USB sub-system
usbboot - boot from USB device
version - print monitor, compiler and linker version
Netgear Stora> nand info

Device 0: nand0, sector size 128 KiB
  Page size       2048 b
  OOB size          64 b
  Erase size    131072 b
  subpagesize      512 b
  options     0x4000101c
  bbt options 0x00008000
Netgear Stora>
It seems that the nand have 128k of erase size...
This is the printenv..
Netgear Stora> printenv
arcNumber=2743
baudrate=115200
bootcmd=run bootcmd_uenv; run scan_disk; run set_bootargs; run bootcmd_exec; reset
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm$load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
bootdelay=10
bootdev=usb
console=console=ttyS0,115200
device=0:1
devices=usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000
ethact=egiga0
ethaddr=52:3b:20:9c:11:51
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
ipaddr=192.168.0.231
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_dtb_addr=0x1c00000
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_initrd_addr=0x1100000
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
load_uimage_addr=0x800000
mainlineLinux=yes
mtdids=nand0=orion_nand
mtdparts=mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
nand_erasesize=20000
nand_oobsize=40
nand_writesize=800
partition=nand0,2
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
serverip=192.168.0.220
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
stderr=serial
stdin=serial
stdout=serial
uenv_addr=0x810000
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi
usb_ready_retry=15

Environment size: 2967/131068 bytes
Try to change erase size??
Dirk Pitt



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/04/2019 05:46PM by dirkpitt74.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 05:41PM
Ah, that was the result from nand info.

However, I would trust the kernel log more at the moment. So please try the above first:
https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,77054,77449#msg-77449

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 06:00PM
Hi,
1:
Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
Netgear Stora> setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:4M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
2:
[    8.877633] 2 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.883958] Creating 2 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.889134] 0x000000000000-0x000000400000 : "uboot"
[    8.895615] 0x000000400000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
3:
root@debian:~/tools# cat /proc/mtd
dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00400000 00400000 "uboot"
mtd1: 0fc00000 00400000 "rootfs"
4:
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
Erasing 4096 Kibyte @ 0 -- 100 % complete 
root@debian:~/tools# ./nandwrite /dev/mtd0 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb
Writing data to block 0 at offset 0x0
root@debian:~/tools# reboot

No boot....
DP
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 04, 2019 11:46PM
dirk,

Please post the full serial console log or at least dmesg.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 05, 2019 03:28PM
Hi Bodhi,
this is the full bootlog
pi@raspberrypi:~/kwboot-tool $ ./kwboot_1 -t -B 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 -b uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p
Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...-
Sending boot image...
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[Type Ctrl-\ + c to quit]


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
Netgear Stora> setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:4M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
Netgear Stora> boot
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	30029824  	2384b32d-01	83

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

no IDE devices available
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
1 bytes read in 692 ms (0 Bytes/s)
Found bootable drive on usb 0
loading uImage ...
3821592 bytes read in 817 ms (4.5 MiB/s)
loading uInitrd ...
7245696 bytes read in 793 ms (8.7 MiB/s)
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb ...
11869 bytes read in 2614 ms (3.9 KiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-20   8:11:24 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    3821528 Bytes = 3.6 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 01100000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-24   0:18:23 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    7245632 Bytes = 6.9 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Flattened Device Tree blob at 01c00000
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x1c00000
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 03917000, end 03ffff40 ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 03911000, end 03916e5c ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 (root@tldDebian) (gcc version 4.9.2 (Debian 4.9.2-10) ) #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017
[    0.000000] CPU: Feroceon 88FR131 [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=0005397f
[    0.000000] CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache
[    0.000000] OF: fdt: Machine model: NETGEAR MS2000 / MS2110 aka Stora
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writeback
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 32512
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:4M(uboot),-(rootfs)
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: -1, 2048 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 109420K/131072K available (8192K kernel code, 716K rwdata, 1972K rodata, 1024K init, 288K bss, 21652K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[    0.000000]     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
[    0.000000]     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
[    0.000000]     vmalloc : 0xc8800000 - 0xff800000   ( 880 MB)
[    0.000000]     lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xc8000000   ( 128 MB)
[    0.000000]     modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xc0000000   (  16 MB)
[    0.000000]       .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0900000   (9184 kB)
[    0.000000]       .init : 0xc0c00000 - 0xc0d00000   (1024 kB)
[    0.000000]       .data : 0xc0d00000 - 0xc0db3274   ( 717 kB)
[    0.000000]        .bss : 0xc0db9b9c - 0xc0e01e60   ( 289 kB)
[    0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[    0.000000] clocksource: orion_clocksource: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 9556302233 ns
[    0.000010] sched_clock: 32 bits at 200MHz, resolution 5ns, wraps every 10737418237ns
[    0.000052] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 5ns
[    0.000619] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.000662] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 400.00 BogoMIPS (lpj=2000000)
[    0.000689] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.000926] Security Framework initialized
[    0.001073] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.001097] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.002126] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.003355] Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100058
[    0.003681] mvebu-soc-id: MVEBU SoC ID=0x6281, Rev=0x3
[    0.007640] devtmpfs: initialized
[    0.012957] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.012989] futex hash table entries: 256 (order: -1, 3072 bytes)
[    0.013463] prandom: seed boundary self test passed
[    0.017970] prandom: 100 self tests passed
[    0.017985] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.019366] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.019927] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[    0.021953] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[    0.022039] cpuidle: using governor menu
[    0.022563] Feroceon L2: Enabling L2
[    0.022620] Feroceon L2: Cache support initialised.
[    0.023052] [Firmware Info]: /ocp@f1000000/ethernet-controller@72000/ethernet0-port@0: local-mac-address is not set
[    0.029167] No ATAGs?
[    0.040406] vgaarb: loaded
[    0.040801] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.041372] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.041464] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.041569] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.042920] clocksource: Switched to clocksource orion_clocksource
[    0.150621] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0
[    0.150715] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.163508] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.164384] TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164416] TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164441] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)
[    0.164546] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164576] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164789] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.165282] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[    0.165297] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[    0.165306] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[    0.165314] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[    0.165597] Unpacking initramfs...
[    0.958422] Freeing initrd memory: 7076K
[    0.958586] NetWinder Floating Point Emulator V0.97 (double precision)
[    0.959738] audit: initializing netlink subsys (disabled)
[    0.960331] Initialise system trusted keyrings
[    0.960396] Key type blacklist registered
[    0.960510] audit: type=2000 audit(0.957:1): state=initialized audit_enabled=0 res=1
[    0.960621] workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=15 bucket_order=0
[    0.960704] zbud: loaded
[    0.961878] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type
[    0.961911] Key type id_resolver registered
[    0.961921] Key type id_legacy registered
[    0.961942] nfs4filelayout_init: NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering...
[    0.961954] Installing knfsd (copyright (C) 1996 okir@monad.swb.de).
[    0.962190] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.962424] fuse init (API version 7.26)
[    0.962855] orangefs_debugfs_init: called with debug mask: :none: :0:
[    0.963256] orangefs_init: module version upstream loaded
[    0.963270] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, no debug enabled
[    2.552928] random: fast init done
[    8.015978] Key type asymmetric registered
[    8.015998] Asymmetric key parser 'x509' registered
[    8.016076] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major 249)
[    8.016090] io scheduler noop registered
[    8.016101] io scheduler deadline registered
[    8.016200] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    8.017697] kirkwood-pinctrl f1010000.pin-controller: registered pinctrl driver
[    8.019984] mvebu-pcie mbus@f1000000:pcie-controller@82000000: PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00
[    8.020011] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff]
[    8.020028] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xe0000000-0xefffffff]
[    8.020044] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff]
[    8.020443] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled
[    8.020473] pci 0000:00:01.0: bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring
[    8.020668] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers enabled
[    8.020759] pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge to [bus 01]
[    8.021411] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.083969] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.084233] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.143828] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.144341] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    8.145925] console [ttyS0] disabled
[    8.146002] f1012000.serial: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 26, base_baud = 12500000) is a 16550A
[    8.796487] console [ttyS0] enabled
[    8.810246] loop: module loaded
[    8.814158] sata_mv f1080000.sata: slots 32 ports 2
[    8.822404] scsi host0: sata_mv
[    8.826160] scsi host1: sata_mv
[    8.829602] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.833777] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.838794] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.845308] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.849949] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
[    8.857761] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is too weak compared to the one required by the NAND chip
[    8.869321] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.877613] 2 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.883937] Creating 2 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.889114] 0x000000000000-0x000000400000 : "uboot"
[    8.895593] 0x000000400000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
[    8.903617] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed
[    8.908754] libphy: orion_mdio_bus: probed
[    8.912890] [Firmware Warn]: /ocp@f1000000/mdio-bus@72004/ethernet-phy@8: Whitelisted compatible string. Please remove
[    8.929668] mv643xx_eth: MV-643xx 10/100/1000 ethernet driver version 1.4
[    9.174413] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[    9.524398] ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[   10.044662] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: port 0 with MAC address 52:3b:20:9c:11:51
[   10.053602] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[   10.060184] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[   10.064763] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver
[   10.069037] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.074624] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[   10.082514] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: irq 30, io mem 0xf1050000
[   10.112966] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00
[   10.119293] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002
[   10.126158] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
[   10.133443] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.138346] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 ehci_hcd
[   10.145101] usb usb1: SerialNumber: f1050000.ehci
[   10.150584] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[   10.154469] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[   10.159134] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[   10.165640] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[   10.512961] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using orion-ehci
[   10.724144] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5583
[   10.730896] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[   10.738109] usb 1-1: Product: Ultra Fit
[   10.741981] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
[   10.746128] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 4C530000041215115005
[   10.752387] usb-storage 1-1:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[   10.758970] scsi host2: usb-storage 1-1:1.0
[   11.202955] rtc-mv f1010300.rtc: internal RTC not ticking
[   11.208583] i2c /dev entries driver
[   11.219196] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: rtc core: registered rtc-pcf8563 as rtc0
[   11.229268] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[   11.235208] drop_monitor: Initializing network drop monitor service
[   11.241794] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[   11.246394] Key type dns_resolver registered
[   11.251637] registered taskstats version 1
[   11.255798] Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates
[   11.260681] zswap: loaded using pool lzo/zbud
[   11.277301] Key type big_key registered
[   11.292661] Key type encrypted registered
[   11.299876] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: setting system clock to 2019-02-05 21:25:15 UTC (1549401915)
[   11.313015] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K
Loading, please wait...
starting version 232
[   11.839360] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
[   11.850403] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Ultra Fit        1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6
[   11.855339] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 30031872 512-byte logical blocks: (15.4 GB/14.3 GiB)
[   11.857088] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
[   11.857822] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
[   11.865378]  sda: sda1
[   11.869197] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
Begin: Loading essential drivers ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-premount ... done.
Begin: Mounting root file system ... Begin: Running /scripts/local-top ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-premount ... done.
Warning: fsck not present, so skipping root file system
[   22.589044] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-bottom ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-bottom ... done.
INIT: version 2.88 booting
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel S.
[ ok ] Setting hostname to 'debian'...done.
[....] Starting the hotplug events dispatcher: systemd-udevdstarting version 232
. ok 
[....] Synthesizing the initial hotplug events...[   24.871927] input: gpio-keys as /devices/platform/gpio-keys/input/input0
[ ok                                             done.
[....] Waiting for /dev to be fully populated...[   25.160224] lm75 0-0048: hwmon0: sensor 'lm75'
[   25.345844] marvell-cesa f1030000.crypto: CESA device successfully registered
[   25.387108] orion_wdt: Initial timeout 21 sec
[   25.480262] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0
[   25.968987] random: crng init done
done.
[ ok ] Activating swap:.
[   26.839300] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
[....] Will now check root file system:fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -y -C0 /dev/sda1 
e2fsck 1.43.4 (31-Jan-2017)
rootfs: clean, 14575/940240 files, 230713/3753728 blocks
. ok 
[   27.151029] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro
[ ok ] Will now activate lvm and md swap:done.
[info] Will now check all file systems.
fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
Checking all file systems.
LABEL=rootfs is mounted
[....] Done checking file systems. A log is being saved in /var/log/fsck/checkfs[ ok hat location is writable..
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files...[....] Cleaning /tmp...done.
[ ok .
[ ok ] Will now mount local filesystems:.
[ ok ] Will now activate swapfile swap:done.
[ ok ] Checking minimum space in /tmp...done.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
[ ok ] Setting kernel variables...done.
[ ok ] Initializing random number generator...done.
[....] Configuring network interfaces...Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.3.5
Copyright 2004-2016 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/

Listening on LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 5
[   34.065677] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: link up, 1000 Mb/s, full duplex, flow control disabled
[   38.031793] NET: Registered protocol family 10
[   38.039617] Segment Routing with IPv6
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 10
DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.2.7 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPOFFER of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
DHCPACK of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
bound to 192.168.2.7 -- renewal in 2947 seconds.
done.
[ ok ] Starting RPC port mapper daemon: rpcbind.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
INIT: Entering runlevel: 2
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel 2.
[....] Starting busybox' syslogd implementation : syslogdStarting /sbin/syslogd...
1322 (syslogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting system message bus: dbus.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Starting Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Daemon: avahi-daemon.
[warn] Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. ... (warning).
[ ok ] Starting NTP server: ntpd.
[....] Starting busybox' klogd implementation : klogdStarting /sbin/klogd...
1321 (klogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting OpenBSD Secure Shell server: sshd.
[ ok ] Running local boot scripts (/etc/rc.local).

Debian GNU/Linux 9 debian ttyS0

debian login: root
Password: 
Last login: Mon Feb  4 15:51:47 PST 2019 on ttyS0
Linux debian 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017 armv5tel

The programs included with the Debian GNU/Linux system are free software;
the exact distribution terms for each program are described in the
individual files in /usr/share/doc/*/copyright.

Debian GNU/Linux comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY, to the extent
permitted by applicable law.
root@debian:~# cat /proc/mtd
dev:    size   erasesize  name
mtd0: 00400000 00400000 "uboot"
mtd1: 0fc00000 00400000 "rootfs"
root@debian:~# cd tools/
root@debian:~/tools# ./flash_erase /dev/mtd0 0 0
Erasing 4096 Kibyte @ 0 -- 100 % complete 
root@debian:~/tools# ./nandwrite /dev/mtd0 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb
Writing data to block 0 at offset 0x0
root@debian:~/tools# reboot
INIT: Swilevel: 6
INIT: Se
Broadcast message from root@debian (ttyS0) (Tue Feb  5 13:27:47 2019):

The system is going down for reboot NOW!
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel 6.
[....] Stopping busybox' klogd implementation: klogd1321 (klogd)
Stopped klogd (pid 1321).
. ok 
[ ok ] Stopping Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Daemon: avahi-daemon.
[....] Stopping busybox' syslogd implementation: syslogd1322 (syslogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Stopping NFS kernel daemon: mountd nfsd.
[ ok ] Unexporting directories for NFS kernel daemon....
[ ok ] Saving random seed...done.
[ ok ] Asking all remaining processes to terminate...done.
[ ok ] All processes ended within 1 seconds...done.
[ ok ] Stopping RPC port mapper daemon: rpcbind.
[ ok ] Stopping NFS common utilities: idmapd statd.
[....] Deconfiguring network interfaces...Removed stale PID file
Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.3.5
Copyright 2004-2016 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/

Listening on LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPRELEASE on eth0 to 192.168.2.50 port 67
done.
[info] Saving the system clock.
[info] Hardware Clock updated to Tue Feb  5 13:27:51 PST 2019.
[....] Will now unmount temporary filesystems:umount: /tmp unmounted
. ok 
[ ok ] Will now deactivate swap:.
[  167.766965] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
[ ok ] Mounting root filesystem read-only...done.
[info] Will now restart.
[  169.965765] reboot: Restarting system
Dirk Pitt
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 06, 2019 12:18PM
Hi Dirk,

So there is possibility that the kernel misidentifed the flash type (because it was too messed up). We can try to flash u-boot in serial console, assuming what we saw was correct that the block size is 128K.

1. Copy the u-boot image uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb to the top folder of the usb rootfs. Plug in the rootfs.
2. Run kwboot and interrupt serial console.
3. Set mtdparts to the way we want it.

setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
mtdinfo
mtdparts

Check the output above to make sure we have the 1st partition mtd0 as 1MB. And the block size is 128K.

usb start
ext2load usb 0:1 0x800000 /uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb
nand erase 0x0 0x80000
nand write.e 0x800000 0x0 0x80000

If there was error in the above, stop and post the entire serial console log. If there was no error then

reset
See if the newly flashed u-boot is now running. And also post serial console log for future reference.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 02/06/2019 12:19PM by bodhi.
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 08, 2019 04:08PM
Hi Bodhi,

Now my Stora boot and load debian.
I've follow your suggested step with some tweak.
This is the complete log.
pi@raspberrypi:~/kwboot-tool $ ./kwboot_1 -t -B 115200 /dev/ttyUSB0 -b uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p
Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...-
Sending boot image...
  0 % [......................................................................]
  1 % [......................................................................]
.....
 97 % [......................................................................]
 99 % [....................................]
[Type Ctrl-\ + c to quit]


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
NAND read from offset c0000 failed -74
*** Warning - readenv() failed, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 

Netgear Stora> setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
Netgear Stora> setenv nandEcc 1                                         
Netgear Stora> mtdinfo
Unknown command 'mtdinfo' - try 'help'
Netgear Stora> usb start
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found
Netgear Stora> ext2load usb 0:1 0x800000 uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb
524288 bytes read in 737 ms (694.3 KiB/s)
Netgear Stora> nand erase 0x0 0x80000

NAND erase: device 0 offset 0x0, size 0x80000
Erasing at 0x60000 -- 100% complete.
OK
Netgear Stora> nand write.e 0x800000 0x0 0x80000

NAND write: device 0 offset 0x0, size 0x80000
 524288 bytes written: OK
Netgear Stora> reset
resetting ...


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
*** Warning - bad CRC, using default environment

In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> setenv nandEcc 1
Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
Netgear Stora> saveenv
Saving Environment to NAND...
Erasing NAND...
Erasing at 0xc0000 -- 100% complete.
Writing to NAND... OK
Netgear Stora> reset
resetting ...


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part	Start Sector	Num Sectors	UUID		Type
  1	2048      	30029824  	2384b32d-01	83

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

no IDE devices available
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
1 bytes read in 692 ms (0 Bytes/s)
Found bootable drive on usb 0
loading uImage ...
3821592 bytes read in 817 ms (4.5 MiB/s)
loading uInitrd ...
7245696 bytes read in 794 ms (8.7 MiB/s)
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb ...
11869 bytes read in 2614 ms (3.9 KiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-20   8:11:24 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    3821528 Bytes = 3.6 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 01100000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-24   0:18:23 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    7245632 Bytes = 6.9 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Flattened Device Tree blob at 01c00000
   Booting using the fdt blob at 0x1c00000
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 03917000, end 03ffff40 ... OK
   Loading Device Tree to 03911000, end 03916e5c ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.
[    0.000000] Booting Linux on physical CPU 0x0
[    0.000000] Linux version 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 (root@tldDebian) (gcc version 4.9.2 (Debian 4.9.2-10) ) #1 PREEMPT Sat Jul 15 21:40:50 PDT 2017
[    0.000000] CPU: Feroceon 88FR131 [56251311] revision 1 (ARMv5TE), cr=0005397f
[    0.000000] CPU: VIVT data cache, VIVT instruction cache
[    0.000000] OF: fdt: Machine model: NETGEAR MS2000 / MS2110 aka Stora
[    0.000000] Memory policy: Data cache writeback
[    0.000000] Built 1 zonelists in Zone order, mobility grouping on.  Total pages: 32512
[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
[    0.000000] PID hash table entries: 512 (order: -1, 2048 bytes)
[    0.000000] Dentry cache hash table entries: 16384 (order: 4, 65536 bytes)
[    0.000000] Inode-cache hash table entries: 8192 (order: 3, 32768 bytes)
[    0.000000] Memory: 109420K/131072K available (8192K kernel code, 716K rwdata, 1972K rodata, 1024K init, 288K bss, 21652K reserved, 0K cma-reserved)
[    0.000000] Virtual kernel memory layout:
[    0.000000]     vector  : 0xffff0000 - 0xffff1000   (   4 kB)
[    0.000000]     fixmap  : 0xffc00000 - 0xfff00000   (3072 kB)
[    0.000000]     vmalloc : 0xc8800000 - 0xff800000   ( 880 MB)
[    0.000000]     lowmem  : 0xc0000000 - 0xc8000000   ( 128 MB)
[    0.000000]     modules : 0xbf000000 - 0xc0000000   (  16 MB)
[    0.000000]       .text : 0xc0008000 - 0xc0900000   (9184 kB)
[    0.000000]       .init : 0xc0c00000 - 0xc0d00000   (1024 kB)
[    0.000000]       .data : 0xc0d00000 - 0xc0db3274   ( 717 kB)
[    0.000000]        .bss : 0xc0db9b9c - 0xc0e01e60   ( 289 kB)
[    0.000000] Preemptible hierarchical RCU implementation.
[    0.000000] NR_IRQS:16 nr_irqs:16 16
[    0.000000] clocksource: orion_clocksource: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 9556302233 ns
[    0.000009] sched_clock: 32 bits at 200MHz, resolution 5ns, wraps every 10737418237ns
[    0.000052] Switching to timer-based delay loop, resolution 5ns
[    0.000618] Console: colour dummy device 80x30
[    0.000659] Calibrating delay loop (skipped), value calculated using timer frequency.. 400.00 BogoMIPS (lpj=2000000)
[    0.000687] pid_max: default: 32768 minimum: 301
[    0.000919] Security Framework initialized
[    0.001067] Mount-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.001091] Mountpoint-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.002131] CPU: Testing write buffer coherency: ok
[    0.003352] Setting up static identity map for 0x100000 - 0x100058
[    0.003678] mvebu-soc-id: MVEBU SoC ID=0x6281, Rev=0x3
[    0.007625] devtmpfs: initialized
[    0.013009] clocksource: jiffies: mask: 0xffffffff max_cycles: 0xffffffff, max_idle_ns: 19112604462750000 ns
[    0.013042] futex hash table entries: 256 (order: -1, 3072 bytes)
[    0.013519] prandom: seed boundary self test passed
[    0.018026] prandom: 100 self tests passed
[    0.018041] pinctrl core: initialized pinctrl subsystem
[    0.019432] NET: Registered protocol family 16
[    0.020019] DMA: preallocated 256 KiB pool for atomic coherent allocations
[    0.022045] cpuidle: using governor ladder
[    0.022130] cpuidle: using governor menu
[    0.022678] Feroceon L2: Enabling L2
[    0.022735] Feroceon L2: Cache support initialised.
[    0.023168] [Firmware Info]: /ocp@f1000000/ethernet-controller@72000/ethernet0-port@0: local-mac-address is not set
[    0.029278] No ATAGs?
[    0.040538] vgaarb: loaded
[    0.040935] SCSI subsystem initialized
[    0.041504] usbcore: registered new interface driver usbfs
[    0.041597] usbcore: registered new interface driver hub
[    0.041703] usbcore: registered new device driver usb
[    0.043074] clocksource: Switched to clocksource orion_clocksource
[    0.150736] VFS: Disk quotas dquot_6.6.0
[    0.150831] VFS: Dquot-cache hash table entries: 1024 (order 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.163617] NET: Registered protocol family 2
[    0.164485] TCP established hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164517] TCP bind hash table entries: 1024 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164542] TCP: Hash tables configured (established 1024 bind 1024)
[    0.164648] UDP hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164677] UDP-Lite hash table entries: 256 (order: 0, 4096 bytes)
[    0.164889] NET: Registered protocol family 1
[    0.165388] RPC: Registered named UNIX socket transport module.
[    0.165402] RPC: Registered udp transport module.
[    0.165411] RPC: Registered tcp transport module.
[    0.165420] RPC: Registered tcp NFSv4.1 backchannel transport module.
[    0.165700] Unpacking initramfs...
[    0.958517] Freeing initrd memory: 7076K
[    0.958703] NetWinder Floating Point Emulator V0.97 (double precision)
[    0.959854] audit: initializing netlink subsys (disabled)
[    0.960446] Initialise system trusted keyrings
[    0.960508] Key type blacklist registered
[    0.960632] audit: type=2000 audit(0.957:1): state=initialized audit_enabled=0 res=1
[    0.960742] workingset: timestamp_bits=30 max_order=15 bucket_order=0
[    0.960826] zbud: loaded
[    0.962003] NFS: Registering the id_resolver key type
[    0.962037] Key type id_resolver registered
[    0.962047] Key type id_legacy registered
[    0.962068] nfs4filelayout_init: NFSv4 File Layout Driver Registering...
[    0.962081] Installing knfsd (copyright (C) 1996 okir@monad.swb.de).
[    0.962316] jffs2: version 2.2. (NAND) (SUMMARY)  © 2001-2006 Red Hat, Inc.
[    0.962550] fuse init (API version 7.26)
[    0.962982] orangefs_debugfs_init: called with debug mask: :none: :0:
[    0.963388] orangefs_init: module version upstream loaded
[    0.963403] SGI XFS with ACLs, security attributes, realtime, no debug enabled
[    2.553082] random: fast init done
[    8.015742] Key type asymmetric registered
[    8.015763] Asymmetric key parser 'x509' registered
[    8.015842] Block layer SCSI generic (bsg) driver version 0.4 loaded (major 249)
[    8.015855] io scheduler noop registered
[    8.015865] io scheduler deadline registered
[    8.015965] io scheduler cfq registered (default)
[    8.017461] kirkwood-pinctrl f1010000.pin-controller: registered pinctrl driver
[    8.019745] mvebu-pcie mbus@f1000000:pcie-controller@82000000: PCI host bridge to bus 0000:00
[    8.019771] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [io  0x1000-0xfffff]
[    8.019787] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [mem 0xe0000000-0xefffffff]
[    8.019803] pci_bus 0000:00: root bus resource [bus 00-ff]
[    8.020201] PCI: bus0: Fast back to back transfers disabled
[    8.020231] pci 0000:00:01.0: bridge configuration invalid ([bus 00-00]), reconfiguring
[    8.020424] PCI: bus1: Fast back to back transfers enabled
[    8.020515] pci 0000:00:01.0: PCI bridge to [bus 01]
[    8.021169] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.084126] mv_xor f1060800.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.084388] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell shared XOR driver
[    8.143985] mv_xor f1060900.xor: Marvell XOR (Registers Mode): ( xor cpy sg intr )
[    8.144502] Serial: 8250/16550 driver, 2 ports, IRQ sharing disabled
[    8.146086] console [ttyS0] disabled
[    8.146166] f1012000.serial: ttyS0 at MMIO 0xf1012000 (irq = 26, base_baud = 12500000) is a 16550A
[    8.798588] console [ttyS0] enabled
[    8.812321] loop: module loaded
[    8.816236] sata_mv f1080000.sata: slots 32 ports 2
[    8.824551] scsi host0: sata_mv
[    8.828246] scsi host1: sata_mv
[    8.831684] ata1: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.835868] ata2: SATA max UDMA/133 irq 33
[    8.840884] nand: device found, Manufacturer ID: 0xec, Chip ID: 0xda
[    8.847392] nand: Samsung NAND 256MiB 3,3V 8-bit
[    8.852032] nand: 256 MiB, MLC, erase size: 4096 KiB, page size: 4096, OOB size: 128
[    8.859846] nand: WARNING: f4000000.nand: the ECC used on your system is too weak compared to the one required by the NAND chip
[    8.871405] Scanning device for bad blocks
[    8.879701] 3 cmdlinepart partitions found on MTD device orion_nand
[    8.886020] Creating 3 MTD partitions on "orion_nand":
[    8.891198] 0x000000000000-0x000000100000 : "uboot"
[    8.896127] mtd: partition "uboot" doesn't end on an erase block -- force read-only
[    8.905396] 0x000000100000-0x000000500000 : "kernel"
[    8.910386] mtd: partition "kernel" doesn't start on an erase block boundary -- force read-only
[    8.920695] 0x000000500000-0x000010000000 : "rootfs"
[    8.925749] mtd: partition "rootfs" doesn't start on an erase block boundary -- force read-only
[    8.937535] libphy: Fixed MDIO Bus: probed
[    8.942688] libphy: orion_mdio_bus: probed
[    8.946900] [Firmware Warn]: /ocp@f1000000/mdio-bus@72004/ethernet-phy@8: Whitelisted compatible string. Please remove
[    8.963736] mv643xx_eth: MV-643xx 10/100/1000 ethernet driver version 1.4
[    9.174581] ata1: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[    9.524552] ata2: SATA link down (SStatus 0 SControl F300)
[   10.074654] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: port 0 with MAC address 52:3b:20:9c:11:51
[   10.083686] ehci_hcd: USB 2.0 'Enhanced' Host Controller (EHCI) Driver
[   10.090268] ehci-pci: EHCI PCI platform driver
[   10.094841] ehci-orion: EHCI orion driver
[   10.099116] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.104703] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: new USB bus registered, assigned bus number 1
[   10.112614] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: irq 30, io mem 0xf1050000
[   10.143117] orion-ehci f1050000.ehci: USB 2.0 started, EHCI 1.00
[   10.149444] usb usb1: New USB device found, idVendor=1d6b, idProduct=0002
[   10.156302] usb usb1: New USB device strings: Mfr=3, Product=2, SerialNumber=1
[   10.163588] usb usb1: Product: EHCI Host Controller
[   10.168490] usb usb1: Manufacturer: Linux 4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 ehci_hcd
[   10.175245] usb usb1: SerialNumber: f1050000.ehci
[   10.180736] hub 1-0:1.0: USB hub found
[   10.184620] hub 1-0:1.0: 1 port detected
[   10.189305] usbcore: registered new interface driver usb-storage
[   10.195822] mousedev: PS/2 mouse device common for all mice
[   10.543115] usb 1-1: new high-speed USB device number 2 using orion-ehci
[   10.754622] usb 1-1: New USB device found, idVendor=0781, idProduct=5583
[   10.761381] usb 1-1: New USB device strings: Mfr=1, Product=2, SerialNumber=3
[   10.768580] usb 1-1: Product: Ultra Fit
[   10.772447] usb 1-1: Manufacturer: SanDisk
[   10.776588] usb 1-1: SerialNumber: 4C530000041215115005
[   10.782873] usb-storage 1-1:1.0: USB Mass Storage device detected
[   10.789464] scsi host2: usb-storage 1-1:1.0
[   11.283108] rtc-mv f1010300.rtc: internal RTC not ticking
[   11.288751] i2c /dev entries driver
[   11.299399] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: rtc core: registered rtc-pcf8563 as rtc0
[   11.309544] hidraw: raw HID events driver (C) Jiri Kosina
[   11.315506] drop_monitor: Initializing network drop monitor service
[   11.322092] NET: Registered protocol family 17
[   11.326691] Key type dns_resolver registered
[   11.331941] registered taskstats version 1
[   11.336102] Loading compiled-in X.509 certificates
[   11.340983] zswap: loaded using pool lzo/zbud
[   11.357608] Key type big_key registered
[   11.372889] Key type encrypted registered
[   11.380120] rtc-pcf8563 0-0051: setting system clock to 2019-02-08 21:42:08 UTC (1549662128)
[   11.393263] Freeing unused kernel memory: 1024K
Loading, please wait...
starting version 232
[   11.848503] scsi 2:0:0:0: Direct-Access     SanDisk  Ultra Fit        1.00 PQ: 0 ANSI: 6
[   11.869310] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] 30031872 512-byte logical blocks: (15.4 GB/14.3 GiB)
[   11.883695] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write Protect is off
[   11.891664] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Write cache: disabled, read cache: enabled, doesn't support DPO or FUA
[   11.919470]  sda: sda1
[   11.928050] sd 2:0:0:0: [sda] Attached SCSI removable disk
[   11.976931] usbcore: registered new interface driver uas
Begin: Loading essential drivers ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-premount ... done.
Begin: Mounting root file system ... Begin: Running /scripts/local-top ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-premount ... done.
Warning: fsck not present, so skipping root file system
[   22.685521] EXT4-fs (sda1): recovery complete
[   22.691208] EXT4-fs (sda1): mounted filesystem with ordered data mode. Opts: (null)
done.
Begin: Running /scripts/local-bottom ... done.
Begin: Running /scripts/init-bottom ... done.
INIT: version 2.88 booting
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel S.
[ ok ] Setting hostname to 'debian'...done.
[....] Starting the hotplug events dispatcher: systemd-udevdstarting version 232
. ok 
[....] Synthesizing the initial hotplug events...[   24.987735] input: gpio-keys as /devices/platform/gpio-keys/input/input0
[ ok                                             done.
[....] Waiting for /dev to be fully populated...[   25.331124] lm75 0-0048: hwmon0: sensor 'lm75'
[   25.387645] orion_wdt: Initial timeout 21 sec
[   25.491528] marvell-cesa f1030000.crypto: CESA device successfully registered
[   25.608772] sd 2:0:0:0: Attached scsi generic sg0 type 0
[   25.847920] random: crng init done
done.
[ ok ] Activating swap:.
[   27.043818] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: (null)
[....] Will now check root file system:fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
[/sbin/fsck.ext3 (1) -- /] fsck.ext3 -y -C0 /dev/sda1 
e2fsck 1.43.4 (31-Jan-2017)
rootfs: clean, 14577/940240 files, 231995/3753728 blocks
. ok 
[   27.495508] EXT4-fs (sda1): re-mounted. Opts: errors=remount-ro
[ ok ] Will now activate lvm and md swap:done.
[info] Will now check all file systems.
fsck from util-linux 2.29.2
Checking all file systems.
LABEL=rootfs is mounted
[....] Done checking file systems. A log is being saved in /var/log/fsck/checkfs if that location is[ ok able..
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files...[....] Cleaning /tmp...done.
[ ok .
[ ok ] Will now mount local filesystems:.
[ ok ] Will now activate swapfile swap:done.
[ ok ] Checking minimum space in /tmp...done.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
[ ok ] Setting kernel variables...done.
[ ok ] Initializing random number generator...done.
[....] Configuring network interfaces...Internet Systems Consortium DHCP Client 4.3.5
Copyright 2004-2016 Internet Systems Consortium.
All rights reserved.
For info, please visit https://www.isc.org/software/dhcp/

Listening on LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   LPF/eth0/52:3b:20:9c:11:51
Sending on   Socket/fallback
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 4
[   33.966363] mv643xx_eth_port mv643xx_eth_port.0 eth0: link up, 100 Mb/s, full duplex, flow control disabled
[   37.944007] NET: Registered protocol family 10
[   37.951222] Segment Routing with IPv6
DHCPDISCOVER on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67 interval 8
DHCPREQUEST of 192.168.2.7 on eth0 to 255.255.255.255 port 67
DHCPOFFER of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
DHCPACK of 192.168.2.7 from 192.168.2.50
bound to 192.168.2.7 -- renewal in 2948 seconds.
done.
[ ok ] Starting RPC port mapper daemon: rpcbind.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Cleaning up temporary files....
INIT: Entering runlevel: 2
[info] Using makefile-style concurrent boot in runlevel 2.
[....] Starting busybox' syslogd implementation : syslogdStarting /sbin/syslogd...
1325 (syslogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting system message bus: dbus.
[ ok ] Starting NFS common utilities: statd idmapd.
[ ok ] Starting Avahi mDNS/DNS-SD Daemon: avahi-daemon.
[warn] Not starting NFS kernel daemon: no exports. ... (warning).
[ ok ] Starting NTP server: ntpd.
[....] Starting busybox' klogd implementation : klogdStarting /sbin/klogd...
1328 (klogd)
. ok 
[ ok ] Starting OpenBSD Secure Shell server: sshd.
[ ok ] Running local boot scripts (/etc/rc.local).

Debian GNU/Linux 9 debian ttyS0

debian login:

I think without env nandEcc = 1 the data will become inconsistent and uboot can not be loaded.

The system still not recognize the correct NAND chip with and so I can't modify its content from the OS.

Please look at the log and tell me if there is something else to fix?

Tahnks

Dirk Pitt
Re: NETGEAR STORA - Bad Magic Number
February 08, 2019 06:01PM
Dirk,

Cool! u-boot is now permanent.

The mtdparts is not correct yet.

[    0.000000] Kernel command line: console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw


Run piccom or minicom as serial console server.

Power up, interrupt serial console and

setenv mtdparts 'mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(uboot),-(rootfs)'
boot

If the kernel still identifies the chip as MLC with 4096 KiB sector, I'd suggest you open the box and look at the NAND chip marking to make sure that it is really SLC or MLC. And then we'll go from there.

-bodhi
===========================
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