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NSA320 install Linux Kernel 4.16.1 Kirkwood package and Debian rootfs

Posted by MoA 
Hello all,

To start: I have a NSA320, connected with serial where I could flash the latest uboot.

I know there is still the kernel + rootfs to be installed, but I don't exactly understand how.

I have tried with the roofs first so I downloaded Debian-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi.tar.bz2 (24 Jul 2017) and extracted the content to an ext3 usb everything at root level (so I have /boot and other folders in the USB root folder) and also renamed the USB label to "USBROOT" according to this guide install-debian-wheezy-zyxel-nsa320.

but nothing really happens and since I do not have my shell console anymore I am a bit lost...

can you please advice how to install linux kernel or rootfs?

thank you very much

U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:46:11 -0700)
ZyXEL NSA320 2-Bay Power Media Server

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  512 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  128 MiB
In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
MV88E1318 PHY initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0
starting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 3 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices...
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed
Unknown command 'mmc' - try 'help'

Partition Map for USB device 0  --   Partition Type: DOS

Part    Start Sector    Num Sectors     UUID            Type
  1     2048            30230528        0e5601b2-01     83 Boot

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0

## Unknown partition table type 0
loading envs from usb 0 ...
** File not found /boot/uEnv.txt **

no IDE devices available
Unknown command 'mmc' - try 'help'
running scan_disk ...
Scan device usb
device usb 0:1
** File not found /boot/uImage **
device usb 1:1
** Bad device usb 1 **
device usb 2:1
** Bad device usb 2 **
device usb 3:1
** Bad device usb 3 **
Scan device ide

Reset IDE: ide_preinit failed
device ide 0:1
** Bad device ide 0 **
device ide 1:1
** Bad device ide 1 **
device ide 2:1
** Bad device ide 2 **
device ide 3:1
** Bad device ide 3 **
Scan device mmc
Unknown command 'mmc' - try 'help'
device mmc 0:1
** Bad device mmc 0 **
device mmc 1:1
** Bad device mmc 1 **
device mmc 2:1
** Bad device mmc 2 **
device mmc 3:1
** Bad device mmc 3 **
loading uImage ...
** File not found /boot/uImage **
loading uInitrd ...
** File not found /boot/uInitrd **
loading DTB /boot/dts/kirkwood-pogo_e02.dtb ...
** File not found /boot/dts/kirkwood-pogo_e02.dtb **
Wrong Image Format for bootm command
Error occured, error code = 112
ERROR: can't get kernel image!

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/01/2018 03:19PM by bodhi.
here below the logs from printenv

NSA320> printenv
bootargs=console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 mtdparts=orion_nand:1M(u-boot),4M(uImage),32M(rootfs),-(data)
bootcmd=run bootcmd_uenv; run scan_disk; run set_bootargs; run bootcmd_exec
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
devices=usb ide mmc
disks=0 1 2 3
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
init_ide=ide reset
init_mmc=mmc rescan
init_usb=usb start
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
scan_ide=ide reset
scan_mmc=mmc rescan
scan_usb=usb start
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi

Environment size: 3129/131068 bytes
Re: Linux Kernel 4.16.1 Kirkwood package and Debian rootfs
May 01, 2018 03:27PM

There are a couple things wrong in u-boot envs, and rootfs.

Mount your USB drive on another Linux box and, assuming it is mounted at /media/sdb1

cd /media/sdb1/
ls -latr 
cd /media/sdb1/boot
ls -latr 
e2label /dev/sdb1
And please post the output of th e above commands, or the entire log here.

Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner

Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 05/01/2018 07:43PM by bodhi.

thank you,

actually I was able to solve the above issue but now I am encountering a new issue...
the network does not work anymore

root@debian:~# systemctl status networking.service
* networking.service - Raise network interfaces
   Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/networking.service; enabled; vendor prese
t: enabled)
   Active: failed (Result: exit-code) since Thu 2018-05-03 11:07:41 P
DT; 4min 27s ago
     Docs: man:interfaces(5)
  Process: 322 ExecStart=/sbin/ifup -a --read-environment (code=exited,
  Process: 312 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c [ "$CONFIGURE_INTERFACES" != "no" ] && [
-n "$(ifquery --read-environment --list --exccatlude=lo)" ] && udevadm settle (code
=exited, status=0/SUCCESS)
 Main PID: 322 (code=exited, status=1/FAILURE)

May 03 11:07:41 debian systemd[1]: Starting Raise network interfaces...
May 03 11:07:41 debian ifup[322]: run-parts: failed to stat component /etc/netwo
rk/if-pre-up.d/wpasupplicant: No such file or directory
May 03 11:07:41 debian ifup[322]: ifup: pre-up script failed
May 03 11:07:41 debian systemd[1]: networking.service: Main process exit
ed, code=exited, status=1/FAILURE
May 03 11:07:41 debian systemd[1]: Failed to start Raise network interfa
May 03 11:07:41 debian systemd[1]: networking.service: Unit entered fail
ed state.
May 03 11:07:41 debian systemd[1]: networking.service: Failed with resul
t 'exit-code'.

root@debian:~# ifconfig -a
eth0: flags=4098<BROADCAST,MULTICAST>  mtu 1500
        ether xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  txqueuelen 1000  (Ethernet)
        RX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 0  bytes 0 (0.0 B)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0
        device interrupt 36

lo: flags=73<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING>  mtu 65536
        inet  netmask
        inet6 ::1  prefixlen 128  scopeid 0x10<host>
        loop  txqueuelen 1000  (Local Loopback)
        RX packets 52  bytes 3432 (3.3 KiB)
        RX errors 0  dropped 0  overruns 0  frame 0
        TX packets 52  bytes 3432 (3.3 KiB)
        TX errors 0  dropped 0 overruns 0  carrier 0  collisions 0

any idea?... thank you very much
Re: NSA320 install Linux Kernel 4.16.1 Kirkwood package and Debian rootfs
May 03, 2018 04:46PM


root@debian:~# systemctl status networking.service

I'm not running systemd on these Kirkwood NAS, so have no idea what's wrong.

Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner

I happened to have the same box and had recently put Debian with systemd up with great help from bodhi so I might be of some help. I just checked your mentioned file and noted it was a symbolic link to the ifupdown.sh file as shown below. Please check if you could fix that link:

root@NAS-ZyXEL:~# ls /etc/network/if-pre-up.d/ -l
total 20
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 14 06:00 .
drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 Apr 21 19:32 ..
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  344 Apr 28  2012 ethtool
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 6298 Sep 27  2016 ifenslave
lrwxrwxrwx 1 root root   32 Oct 14  2017 wpasupplicant -> ../../wpa_supplicant/ifupdown.sh

Actually all this issues happen once i install openmediavault4 on my nsa320 debian 9.

But the workaround I found was to uninstall all these non working services.. and add autoplug to the eth interfaces

At the end i had a nsa320 debian 9 working fine with omv4.

But i notice that the Omv extra were not ported for omv4 so I flashed the nsa320 back to debian8 with omv3 which is quite stable.

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