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HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4

Posted by fcollingwood 
HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
December 29, 2019 06:54PM
MyStora is going away next year, rendering many thousands of Stora devices useless.

Thanks to information found mainly here (but also a little found elsewhere), I have made my Stora into an Open Media Vault. Note that the current release of OMV, OMV4, is NOT supported on Buster and does not install. You must install Stretch

First I made a kernel 4.4.0 USB Stick from the tarball from 20th Feb 2016 found here: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,12096

I then connected to the serial port via PuTTY so that I was on the console of the box. I found that here: https://github.com/Dees7/openstora/blob/master/pages/Root_Access_Via_Serial_Console.md

I backed up all data and removed the disks from the box before starting

I had to change some boot environment variables. When booting, you will see the following in the console:
       __  __                      _ _
        |  \/  | __ _ _ ____   _____| | |
        | |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | |
        | |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | |
        |_|  |_|\__,_|_|    \_/ \___|_|_|
 _   _     ____              _
| | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_ 
| | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __| 
| |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_ 
 \___/    |____/ \___/ \___/ \__| 
 ** MARVELL BOARD: RD-88F6281A LE 

U-Boot 1.1.4 (Sep  4 2009 - 09:36:11) Marvell version: 3.4.14

U-Boot code: 00600000 -> 0067FFF0  BSS: -> 006CEE60

Soc: 88F6281 A0 (DDR2)
CPU running @ 1000Mhz L2 running @ 333Mhz
SysClock = 333Mhz , TClock = 200Mhz 

DRAM CAS Latency = 5 tRP = 5 tRAS = 18 tRCD=6
DRAM CS[0] base 0x00000000   size  64MB 
DRAM CS[1] base 0x04000000   size  64MB 
DRAM Total size 128MB  16bit width
Flash:  0 kB
Addresses 8M - 0M are saved for the U-Boot usage.
Mem malloc Initialization (8M - 7M): Done
NAND:256 MB
CRC in Flash: ac06e162, Calculated CRC: ac06e162

CPU : Marvell Feroceon (Rev 1)

Streaming disabled 
Write allocate disabled

Module 0 is RGMII
Module 1 is TDM

USB 0: host mode
PEX 0: interface detected no Link.
Net:   egiga0, egiga1 [PRIME]
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  3 :


At this point, hit any key to stop the autoboot. Enter the following at the prompt:

setenv bootcmd_usb 'usb start; ext2load usb 0:1 0x800000 /boot/uImage; ext2load usb 0:1 0x1100000 /boot/uInitrd'
setenv bootcmd 'setenv bootargs $(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10; run bootcmd_usb; bootm 0x800000 0x1100000; reset'
setenv console 'console=ttyS0,115200 mtdparts=orion_nand:0x100000@0(uboot),0xff00000@0x100000(root)'
saveenv
reset

The box will reboot into the debian image from the USB stick, login with root/root

Update the uBoot following the instructions here: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,12381

Some of the steps will fail, but that is OK, this box is a little different from others, see here https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,33178,33183 and here https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,29259

Once the uBoot is updated, you can proceed to boot with Stretch and install the OS on the disks so you don't have to keep the USB stick in the device.

1. Install Debian Stretch (OMV4 is not supported on Buster)
Install one disk in the left hand bay
Boot from USB stick made from image 4.12.1 from the 24th July 2017 found here: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,12096
Using fdisk, delete the existing partition
Create two partitions on /dev/sda, 1st one 8GB, second one 256MB. Make sure to use 't' command for partition 2 and set it to type 82
Create EXT4 partition on /dev/sda1 and label it rootfs - mkfs.ext4 -l rootfs /dev/sda1
Create swap partition on /dev/sda2 and label it swap - mkswap -L swap /dev/sda2
cd to /root and download the tarball from the 24th July 2017 found here: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,12096 using wget
Mount partition /dev/sda1 on /mnt. Unzip tarball into /mnt
cd to /mnt
edit /mnt/etc/fstab - change file system type from EXT3 to EXT4 for rootfs entry and add "LABEL=swap swap swap default 0 0"
edit /mnt/etc/hosts. Add "127.0.1.1 stora.lan stora"
replace the contents of /mnt/etc/hostname with "stora"


2. Boot and update
Reboot - remove USB stick when uBoot starts
once booted run:
    apt update
    apt upgrade
    cd /boot
    mkimage -A arm -O linux -T ramdisk -C gzip -a 0x00000000 -e 0x00000000 -n initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 -d initrd.img-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1 uInitrd


3. Update kernel to 5.2.9
Download the kernel 5.2.9 tarball from 18th August 2019 at https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,12096
run the following:
    cd
    mkdir boot_4.12.1
    cd boot_4.12.1
    cp -r /boot/* .
    cd /boot
    tar xjf /root/linux-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1-bodhi.tar.bz2
    tar xf linux-dtb-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1.tar
    apt-get remove flash-kernel
    dpkg -i linux-image-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1_1.0_armel.deb
    mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x00008000 -e 0x00008000 -n Linux-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 -d vmlinuz-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 uImage
    mkimage -A arm -O linux -T ramdisk -C gzip -a 0x00000000 -e 0x00000000 -n initramfs-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 -d initrd.img-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 uInitrd
OMV4 requires systemd, so add it to boot env
    fw_setenv set_bootargs 'setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params init=/bin/systemd'
systemd requires a larger /run tmpfs than the default, so add "none /run tmpfs defaults,size=20M 0 0" to /etc/fstab
reboot


4. Install OMV4
Backup current /boot
    cd
    mkdir boot_5.2.9_pre-OMV4
    cd boot_5.2.9_pre-OMV4
    cp -r /boot/* .
Prepare for OMV4 install
    apt install -y aptitude curl apt-transport-https
Set up sources
    echo "deb http://packages.openmediavault.org/public arrakis main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/openmediavault.list
    curl -k -s http://packages.openmediavault.org/public/archive.key | apt-key add -
    apt update
Start Installation
    export LANG=C.UTF-8
    export DEBIAN_FRONTEND=noninteractive
    export APT_LISTCHANGES_FRONTEND=none
    apt-get --yes --auto-remove --show-upgraded \
	--allow-downgrades --allow-change-held-packages \
	--no-install-recommends \
	--option Dpkg::Options::="--force-confdef" \
	--option DPkg::Options::="--force-confold" \
	install postfix openmediavault-keyring openmediavault
    cp /usr/share/openmediavault/templates/config.xml /etc/openmediavault/
    omv-initsystem
    omv-mkconf interfaces
    omv-mkconf issue
If there are problems with masked services:
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-beep-up
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-beep-down
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-cleanup-monit
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-cleanup-php
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-engined
    systemctl unmask openmediavault-issue
    apt install -y openmediavault
    omv-initsystem
If network interface has stopped working after a reboot, add the following to /etc/network/interfaces:
auto eth0
allow-hotplug eth0
iface eth0 inet dhcp


5. Set up raid
Insert the second disk
Partition /dev/sdb the same as /dev/sda in step 1 but don't create filesystems
Create RAID 1 arrays on second drive and create filesystems:
    mdadm --create /dev/md0 --metadata=0.90 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb1
    mdadm --create /dev/md1 --metadata=0.90 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sdb2
    mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs /dev/md0
    mkswap -L swap /dev/md1
In the DEVICE section of /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf add "DEVICE /dev/sd?*"
run:
    mdadm --detail --scan >> /etc/mdadm/mdadm.conf
    dpkg-reconfigure mdadm
    cd /boot
    mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x00008000 -e 0x00008000 -n Linux-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 -d vmlinuz-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 uImage
    mkimage -A arm -O linux -T ramdisk -C gzip -a 0x00000000 -e 0x00000000 -n initramfs-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 -d initrd.img-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 uInitrd
clone rootfs from /dev/sda1:
    mkdir /tmp/mnt
    mount /dev/md0 /tmp/mnt
    rsync -auHxv --exclude=/proc/* --exclude=/sys/* --exclude=/tmp/* /* /tmp/mnt
Power off the unit and remove disk 1
Power on the unit and make sure it boots off md0
check that swap mounts using the "free" command
Insert Disk 1. Note that this becomes /dev/sdb
Add the Disk 1 partitions to the RAID 1 Arrays:
    mdadm --add /dev/md0 /dev/sdb1
    mdadm --add /dev/md1 /dev/sdb2
Create partitions on the drives taking up the remaining free space
Create a third array:
    mdadm --create /dev/md2 --level=1 --raid-devices=2 missing /dev/sda3
    mdadm --add /dev/md2 /dev/sdb3


6. Add OMV Extras:
Install dependancies:
    apt install -y dirmngr

install Extras:
    wget -O - https://github.com/OpenMediaVault-Plugin-Developers/packages/raw/master/install | bash



Thanks to Bodhi for all your hard work

Resources:

Serial port console: https://github.com/Dees7/openstora/blob/master/pages/Root_Access_Via_Serial_Console.md
Installing Debian on Stora: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,12096
Upgrading uBoot on Stora: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?3,12381
Installing OMV: https://forum.openmediavault.org/index.php/Thread/21234-Install-OMV4-on-Debian-9-Stretch/
OMV Extras: http://omv-extras.org/
Setting up mdadm on Stora: https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,27308

Edit: There were a few errors and omissions corrected



Edited 3 time(s). Last edit at 12/30/2019 08:02PM by fcollingwood.
Re: HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
December 30, 2019 02:05AM
fcollingwood,

Excellent How-to! Will add this to the Wiki. Thanks for your contribution!

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
December 30, 2019 08:04PM
bodhi Wrote:
-------------------------------------------------------
> fcollingwood,
>
> Excellent How-to! Will add this to the Wiki.
> Thanks for your contribution!

Thank YOU Bodhi for all your work that made this possible.

I've made a few updates, as there were a few errors and omissions, so the Wiki may need updating. Also, I didn't even know the Wiki existed, could you please direct me to the URL for it?



Edited 1 time(s). Last edit at 12/30/2019 08:28PM by fcollingwood.
Re: HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
December 31, 2019 01:57AM
The Wiki thread is up above in each subforum stickies.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
January 02, 2020 07:59AM
Up in the Wiki:

https://forum.doozan.com/read.php?2,23630

Quote

Media Streaming

OpenMediaVault
Debian Stretch and OpenMediaVault (OMV4) on Netgear Stora

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
TrashCanMan
Re: HowTo: Stora - Debian Stretch and OMV4
January 08, 2020 05:02PM
Just a FYI i am trying to follow your guide for a slightly different device but also in the kirkwood family and i was strugling when i had to create the partition, bear in mind that im merelly an advanced user, not expert at all, where you tell:

Create EXT4 partition on /dev/sda1 and label it rootfs - mkfs.ext4 -l rootfs /dev/sda1

it needs to be

Create EXT4 partition on /dev/sda1 and label it rootfs - mkfs.ext4 -L rootfs /dev/sda1

see the capital L, i was getting super weird errors and i was unable to find the cause
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