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Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000

Posted by linkus 
Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 04:38PM
Hi,
So I have been trying to resurrect my old Netgear Stora MS2000 for a couple of nights now and can't really get it to work and I'm a little bit stuck on how to proceed, this is the log from my serial console if i just boot the MS2000 as is
   __  __                      _ _
        |  \/  | __ _ _ ____   _____| | |
        | |\/| |/ _` | '__\ \ / / _ \ | |
        | |  | | (_| | |   \ V /  __/ | |
        |_|  |_|\__,_|_|    \_/ \___|_|_|
 _   _     ____              _
| | | |   | __ )  ___   ___ | |_ 
| | | |___|  _ \ / _ \ / _ \| __| 
| |_| |___| |_) | (_) | (_) | |_ 
 \___/    |____/ \___/ \___/ \__| 
 ** MARVELL BOARD: RD-88F6281A LE 

U-Boot 1.1.4 (Sep  4 2009 - 09:36:11) Marvell version: 3.4.14

U-Boot code: 00600000 -> 0067FFF0  BSS: -> 006CEE60

Soc: MV88F6281 Rev 3 (DDR2)
CPU running @ 1000Mhz L2 running @ 333Mhz
SysClock = 333Mhz , TClock = 200Mhz 

DRAM CAS Latency = 5 tRP = 5 tRAS = 18 tRCD=6
DRAM CS[0] base 0x00000000   size  64MB 
DRAM CS[1] base 0x04000000   size  64MB 
DRAM Total size 128MB  16bit width
Flash:  0 kB
Addresses 8M - 0M are saved for the U-Boot usage.
Mem malloc Initialization (8M - 7M): Done
NAND:256 MB
CRC in Flash: ffffffff, Calculated CRC: 619d86db
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++Checksum Error!++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
## Error: environment overflow, "stdin" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "stdout" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "stderr" deleted

CPU : Marvell Feroceon (Rev 1)
## Error: environment overflow, "console" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mainlineLinux" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "CASset" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaMonExt" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaCpuStream" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaWrAllo" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "pexMode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Cache" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "setL2CacheWT" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disL2Prefetch" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaICPref" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaDCPref" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "sata_dma_mode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "MALLOC_len" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethprime" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "netbsd_en" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "vxworks_en" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_root" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_end" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "image_name" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootcmd" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "standalone" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootdelay" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "disaMvPnp" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethmtu" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1addr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "eth1mtu" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mvPhoneConfig" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "mvNetConfig" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "usb0Mode" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "yuk_ethaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "nandEcc" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "hddPowerCtrl" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "netretry" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "rcvrip" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "loadaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "autoload" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "enaAutoRecovery" deleted

Streaming disabled 
Write allocate disabled

Module 0 is RGMII
Module 1 is TDM

USB 0: device mode
PEX 0: interface detected no Link.
Net:   ## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0, egiga1## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted

USB:   scanning bus for devices... 1 USB Device(s) found
       scanning bus for storage devices... 0 Storage Device(s) found
Aquiring an IP address using DHCP...
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
*** ERROR: `eth1addr' not set
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
*** ERROR: `ethaddr' not set
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
Failed to retreive an IP address assuming default (<NULL>)!
Starting the Recovery process to retreive the file...
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
*** ERROR: `eth1addr' not set
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
Failed
Power Button is pressed!
MPP Sel: 00000530, Data IN Enable: 00020058, Data In Polarity: 00000040, Data In: 00000010
Power Button is released!
MAC: 00:01:B8:4A:48:0B, IP: 10.74.72.11
## Error: environment overflow, "ethaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ipaddr" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "serverip" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "netmask" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "image_name" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "console" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs_root" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "rootpath" deleted
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga0 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
egiga1 no link
## Error: environment overflow, "ethact" deleted
*** ERROR: `serverip' not set
## Error: environment overflow, "bootargs" deleted
## Booting image at 00800000 ...
Bad Magic Number
Marvell>> printenv
��������������������������������������������������
��������������������������������������������������
��������������������������������������������������
Environment size: 131069/131068 bytes
Marvell>>

Basically it's fakked... so i downloaded the latest U-boot uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb and managed to boot the MS2000 with the help of kwboot. I created a USB-stick with Debian-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi and go this far with the bootup...

root@spiderman:/home/linkus/Downloads/kwboot-tool# ./kwboot -t /dev/ttyUSB0 -b uboot.2017.07-tld-1.netgear_ms2110.mtd0.kwb -p
Sending boot message. Please reboot the target...-
Sending boot image...
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[Type Ctrl-\ + c to quit]


U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> printenv
arcNumber=2743
baudrate=115200
bootargs=$(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=8
bootcmd=setenv bootargs $(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=8; run bootcmd_usb; bootm 0x200000 0x800000
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm$load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
bootcmd_usb=usb reset; ext2load usb 0 0x200000 /boot/uImage; ext2load usb 0 0x800000 /boot/uInitrd
bootdelay=10
bootdev=usb
console=console=ttyS0,115200
device=0:1
devices=usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000
ethact=egiga0
ethaddr=52:3b:20:9c:11:51
fileaddr=800000
filesize=6e8f80
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
ipaddr=192.168.0.231
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_dtb_addr=0x1c00000
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_initrd_addr=0x1100000
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
load_uimage_addr=0x800000
mainlineLinux=yes
mtdids=nand0=orion_nand
mtdparts=mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
partition=nand0,2
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
serverip=192.168.0.220
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
stderr=serial
stdin=serial
stdout=serial
uenv_addr=0x810000
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi
usb_ready_retry=15

Environment size: 3118/131068 bytes
Netgear Stora> boot
resetting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found
3821592 bytes read in 875 ms (4.2 MiB/s)
7245696 bytes read in 995 ms (6.9 MiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00200000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-20   8:11:24 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    3821528 Bytes = 3.6 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-4.12.1-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2017-07-24   0:18:23 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    7245632 Bytes = 6.9 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 03917000, end 03ffff40 ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.

Error: unrecognized/unsupported machine ID (r1 = 0x00000ab7).

Available machine support:

ID (hex)	NAME
ffffffff	Generic DT based system
ffffffff	Marvell Kirkwood (Flattened Device Tree)

Please check your kernel config and/or bootloader.

And now i dont really know how to proceed, it feels like im missing something? I think i also would like to flash a new U-boot for it since its well a heap of poo right now, but am i correct that you need a booted kernel on the device to be able to actually flash a new U-boot? Or have i compleatly missread the guide somehow?

Thanks ALOT in advance this ha been a good practice so far
//linkus
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 04:54PM
linkus,

> And now i dont really know how to proceed, it
> feels like im missing something? I think i also
> would like to flash a new U-boot for it since its
> well a heap of poo right now, but am i correct
> that you need a booted kernel on the device to be
> able to actually flash a new U-boot? Or have i
> compleatly missread the guide somehow?

Yes, the u-boot installation steps were written to be excuted inside a running OS. It could be stock, or Debian, ...any distro. But not at serial console.

What you did above was correct. But this variable is wrong (might be my typo, I have to check u-boot internal source code), so the kernel could not proceed booting
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000

So kwboot again, and interrupt serial console

setenv dtb_file  '/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb'
printenv
boot

See now it will boot all the way into Debian.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 05:13PM
Hey bodhi thanks for the reply however no luck, log down below, i also realized i built my USB-stick on a older rootfs I am now trying with Debian-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi still issues tho.

U-Boot 2017.07-tld-1 (Sep 05 2017 - 00:38:05 -0700)
Netgear Stora MS2110

SoC:   Kirkwood 88F6281_A1
DRAM:  128 MiB
WARNING: Caches not enabled
NAND:  256 MiB
In:    serial
Out:   serial
Err:   serial
Net:   egiga0
PHY reset timed out
88E1116 Initialized on egiga0
Hit any key to stop autoboot:  0 
Netgear Stora> setenv dtb_file  '/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb'
Netgear Stora> printenv
arcNumber=2743
baudrate=115200
bootargs=$(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=8
bootcmd=setenv bootargs $(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=8; run bootcmd_usb; bootm 0x200000 0x800000
bootcmd_exec=run load_uimage; if run load_initrd; then if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr $load_dtb_addr; else bootm $load_uimage_addr $load_initrd_addr; fi; else if run load_dtb; then bootm $load_uimage_addr - $load_dtb_addr; else bootm$load_uimage_addr; fi; fi
bootcmd_uenv=run uenv_load; if test $uenv_loaded -eq 1; then run uenv_import; fi
bootcmd_usb=usb reset; ext2load usb 0 0x200000 /boot/uImage; ext2load usb 0 0x800000 /boot/uInitrd
bootdelay=10
bootdev=usb
console=console=ttyS0,115200
device=0:1
devices=usb ide
disks=0 1 2 3
dtb_file=/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb
ethact=egiga0
ethaddr=52:3b:20:9c:11:51
fileaddr=800000
filesize=6e8f80
if_netconsole=ping $serverip
ipaddr=192.168.0.231
led_error=orange blinking
led_exit=green off
led_init=green blinking
load_dtb=echo loading DTB $dtb_file ...; load $bootdev $device $load_dtb_addr $dtb_file
load_dtb_addr=0x1c00000
load_initrd=echo loading uInitrd ...; load $bootdev $device $load_initrd_addr /boot/uInitrd
load_initrd_addr=0x1100000
load_uimage=echo loading uImage ...; load $bootdev $device $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage
load_uimage_addr=0x800000
mainlineLinux=yes
mtdids=nand0=orion_nand
mtdparts=mtdparts=orion_nand:1m(uboot),4m@1m(kernel),251m@5m(rootfs) rw
partition=nand0,2
preboot_nc=run if_netconsole start_netconsole
scan_disk=echo running scan_disk ...; scan_done=0; setenv scan_usb "usb start";  setenv scan_ide "ide reset";  setenv scan_mmc "mmc rescan"; for dev in $devices; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo Scan device $dev; run scan_$dev; for disknum in $disks; do if test $scan_done -eq 0; then echo device $dev $disknum:1; if load $dev $disknum:1 $load_uimage_addr /boot/uImage 1; then scan_done=1; echo Found bootable drive on $dev $disknum; setenv device $disknum:1; setenv bootdev $dev; fi; fi; done; fi; done
serverip=192.168.0.220
set_bootargs=setenv bootargs console=ttyS0,115200 root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=10 $mtdparts $custom_params
start_netconsole=setenv ncip $serverip; setenv bootdelay 10; setenv stdin nc; setenv stdout nc; setenv stderr nc; version;
stderr=serial
stdin=serial
stdout=serial
uenv_addr=0x810000
uenv_import=echo importing envs ...; env import -t $uenv_addr $filesize
uenv_init_devices=setenv init_usb "usb start";  setenv init_ide "ide reset";  setenv init_mmc "mmc rescan"; for devtype in $devices; do run init_$devtype; done;
uenv_load=run uenv_init_devices; setenv uenv_loaded 0; for devtype in $devices;  do for disknum in 0; do run uenv_read_disk; done; done;
uenv_read=echo loading envs from $devtype $disknum ...; if load $devtype $disknum:1 $uenv_addr /boot/uEnv.txt; then setenv uenv_loaded 1; fi
uenv_read_disk=if test $devtype -eq mmc; then if $devtype part; then run uenv_read;  fi; else if $devtype part $disknum; then run uenv_read; fi;  fi
usb_ready_retry=15

Environment size: 3122/131068 bytes
Netgear Stora> 
Netgear Stora> boot
resetting USB...
USB0:   USB EHCI 1.00
scanning bus 0 for devices... 2 USB Device(s) found
       scanning usb for storage devices... 
Use USB retry period from the environment: 15 second(s)
1 Storage Device(s) found
4963680 bytes read in 1005 ms (4.7 MiB/s)
9713936 bytes read in 1100 ms (8.4 MiB/s)
## Booting kernel from Legacy Image at 00200000 ...
   Image Name:   Linux-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2019-08-25   2:22:31 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux Kernel Image (uncompressed)
   Data Size:    4963616 Bytes = 4.7 MiB
   Load Address: 00008000
   Entry Point:  00008000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
## Loading init Ramdisk from Legacy Image at 00800000 ...
   Image Name:   initramfs-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1
   Created:      2019-08-25   2:22:50 UTC
   Image Type:   ARM Linux RAMDisk Image (gzip compressed)
   Data Size:    9713872 Bytes = 9.3 MiB
   Load Address: 00000000
   Entry Point:  00000000
   Verifying Checksum ... OK
   Loading Kernel Image ... OK
   Loading Ramdisk to 036bc000, end 03fff8d0 ... OK

Starting kernel ...

Uncompressing Linux... done, booting the kernel.

Error: invalid dtb and unrecognized/unsupported machine ID
  r1=0x00000ab7, r2=0x00000100
  r2[]=05 00 00 00 01 00 41 54 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
Available machine support:

ID (hex)	NAME
ffffffff	Generic DT based system
ffffffff	Marvell Kirkwood (Flattened Device Tree)

Please check your kernel config and/or bootloader.
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 05:45PM
linkus,

You did Step 4, but should not, during the rootfs creation, since you're booting with the new u-boot:

Quote

4. Create uImage with embedded DTB for booting with older u-boots (2012 or earlier). Do not do this step if you have installed the latest U-Boot for Kirkwood (or are installing this u-boot at the same time).

Please replace kirkwood-goflexnet.dtb below with the correct DTB name for your box (see the folder /media/sdb1/boot/dts for the exact spelling of your Kirkwood box name).

Generate the uImage with DTB embedded inside:
cd /media/sdb1/boot
cp -a zImage-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 zImage.fdt
cat dts/kirkwood-goflexnet.dtb >> zImage.fdt
mv uImage uImage.orig
mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x00008000 -e 0x00008000 -n Linux-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1 -d zImage.fdt uImage
sync


If you did, then mount it on another Linux box and restore uImage:
cp -a  uImage.orig uImage

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 05:47PM
Hold on, your envs are all messed up! that's why it did not boot.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 06:04PM
Yeah i never built the rootfs i just downloaded the premade one (that is linked in the "Linux Kernel 5.9.12 Kirkwood package and Debian rootfs" thread) Debian-5.2.9-kirkwood-tld-1-rootfs-bodhi, so i did just that and skipped step 4 aswell.

Quote
bodhi
Hold on, your envs are all messed up! that's why it did not boot.
wait wat? they are?
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 06:06PM
linkus,

At some point you've changed the bootcmd so it is wrong currently:
bootcmd=setenv bootargs $(console) root=LABEL=rootfs rootdelay=8; run bootcmd_usb; bootm 0x200000 0x800000

So,

1. Make sure the rootfs is unchanged (skip Step 4).

2. Restore bootcmd in serial console,

setenv bootcmd 'run scan_disk; run set_bootargs; run bootcmd_exec'
setenv dtb_file  '/boot/dts/kirkwood-netgear_stora_ms2000.dtb'
printenv
boot

after it booted, you can proceed to flash u-boot image and its env image.

-bodhi
===========================
Forum Wiki
bodhi's corner
Re: Trying to revive a Netgear Stora MS2000
December 26, 2020 06:16PM
My good sir! you are a legend, that must have been left from when i tried diffrent ways of restoring it! I had no clue that the envs where still there from a different guide! thanks a lot I have now booted successfully into debian! :D i'm gonna try and flash the new u-boot now thanks a lot again!
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